The effects of a stroke prevention program on knowledge, health behaviors, and blood pressure in patients with hypertension
Keywords:stroke prevention program, hypertension, health behaviors, blood pressure
This quasi-experimental two-group pretest-posttest design aimed to examine the effect of a stroke prevention program on knowledge, health behaviors, and blood pressure in patients with hypertension. Sixty patients were purposely recruited and assigned into two groups, 30 each in the experimental and comparative group respectively. Those in an experimental group received a stroke prevention program developed based on a health belief model. While a comparative group received routine health care from a health-promoting hospital. The research instruments were used to collect the data including the personal data, the knowledge test, and the health behaviors questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with Wilcoxon signed ranks test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-square test.
The results showed that after completion of the program, the experimental group had scores for knowledge and health behaviors significantly higher than before receiving the program and higher than the comparative group (p-value = .000). Moreover, the participants in the experimental group were able to control their blood pressure within the accepted range (< 140/90 mmHg) when compared with the control group and their blood pressure before completing the program with statistical significance (p-value = .000).
The results suggested that the health-promoting program may lead to controllable blood pressure and reduce a risk of having cerebrovascular disease.
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