The effect of the enhancing empowerment and health literacy developing program on health literacy, Stroke prevention behaviors and clinical outcomes among the stroke high-risk group
Keywords:empowerment, health literacy, stroke prevention behavior, stroke risk group
The purpose of the experimental study was to examine the effect of the Enhancing Empowerment and Health Literacy Development Program. The participants consisted of 84 patients with a high stroke risk who were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group, with 42 participants in each group. Participants in the experimental group received a Health Literacy Developing and Enhancing Empowerment Program, while those in the control group received routine medical care. Health literacy and stroke prevention behavior questionnaires were used as research instruments. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-tests, and paired t-tests.
The results revealed that after enrolling in the Enhancing Empowerment and Health literacy Developing Program, the experimental group had significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels, lower body mass index, and lower waist circumference than before receiving the program and lower than the control group (p<0.001). The Health literacy, and stroke prevention behaviors scores of the experimental group after receiving the program were significantly higher than before receiving the program and higher than the control group (p<.001).
Conclusion and recommendation: According to the findings, the Health Literacy Developing and Enhancing Empowerment Program among Stroke High-Risk Groups yielded desired clinical outcomes. Therefore, nurses and healthcare professionals can apply this program to those in the stroke risk group and encourage risk groups to have appropriate self-management behaviors. in order to reduce the risk of further complications.
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