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Objective: The aim of this study is to collect and analyze the data from patients who received treatment of oral lesions at the Special Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Thailand in order to determine and evaluate prevalence of the condition.
Materials and methods: The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Faculty of Dentistry / Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Institutional Review Board, Thailand. Five hundred and forty hospital charts of patients who attended the Special Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University for the treatment of oral mucosal lesions and conditions were examined. Prevalence of oral lesions, referral sources and history of biopsy were reviewed.
Results: Out of 540 patients, 410 patients were female (76%) and 130 were male (24%). The average age of the patients was 54 years old. The most prevalent oral lesions treated were oral lichen planus /oral lichenoid lesion (37.76%) followed by burning mouth syndrome (9.07%), denture stomatitis (7.94%) and oral candidiasis (7.13%), respectively. Regarding the referral sources, general dental practitioners (41.6%) were the most prevalent persons who referred the patients for treatment of oral mucosal lesions and conditions, followed by periodontists (14.76%) and prosthodontists (14.76%). Approximately 26% of patients received biopsy for definite diagnosis.
Conclusion: The 4 most prevalent oral lesions and conditions referred for oral medicine treatment at the Special Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University were oral lichen planus/oral lichenoid reaction, denture stomatitis, burning mouth syndrome and oral candidiasis. This result suggested that more information about these lesions and conditions should be distributed to Thai dental health care professionals for proper management of these lesions and conditions.
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