The effects of airborne abrasion on micro-shear bond strength of resin cements on zirconia

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Thool Pechinthorn
Suppason Thitthaweerat
Pisol Senawongse


Objective: To evaluate the effect of various air abrasion treatments on micro-shear bond strength (μSBS) of
zirconia bonded with different self-adhesive resin cements.
Methods: Fully-sintered Y-TZP block specimens (IPS e.max® ZirCAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) were prepared to 5 types
of surface treatments: no treatment [CON], air abrasion with different particle sizes and pressures: 50 μm & 1
bar [50.1], 50 μm & 3 bar [50.3], 110 μm & 1 bar [110.1], and 110 μm & 3 bar [110.3]. Then, the specimens
were divided into two subgroups for further cementation with self-adhesive resin cements (Rely X Unicem Aplicap,
3M ESPE and Panavia SA, Kuraray). These cements were placed into tygon tubes over the zirconia specimens.
After water storage at 37°C for 24 hours, micro-shear bond strength (μSBS) was measured. Failure mode was
observed under SEM. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α = 0.05).
Results: The air abrasion treatment with various particle sizes and pressures affected μSBS (p<0.05). The higher
pressure and larger particle size improved zirconia bond strength. Panavia SA performed superiorly in μSBS
than Rely X Unicem (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The air abrasion with larger particle size (110 μm) & higher air pressure (3 bar) in combination with
MDP-containing resin cement (Panavia SA) could create the optimal adhesion to zirconia.


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Pechinthorn T, Thitthaweerat S, Senawongse P. The effects of airborne abrasion on micro-shear bond strength of resin cements on zirconia. M Dent J [Internet]. 2020 Oct. 21 [cited 2023 Dec. 10];37(2):183-92. Available from:
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