Effects of Self-Massage on Pain Among Elders in Rimklong Lorlae Community, Khannayao District

Main Article Content

Benjamas Sirikamonsathian
Achara Skuntaniyom


Soreness and muscle pain at neck and shoulders are usually found in elderly people. If they do not take care of themselves, they will get sick. Caring and treatment for curing the sickness causes additional unnecessary expenses. A self-massage is an alternative therapy that can relieve soreness and pain. This study is a quasi-experimental research, one group pretest-posttest design. It aims to compare the levels of neck and shoulder pain before and after self-massage on 42 elderly people living in a community in Kannayao district, Bangkok, Thailand. A pain assessment form was for recording the levels of pain before and after self-massage. Content validity was by 3 experts. An 11 postures of self-massage on neck and shouldersbooklet was provided to each participant. Using telephone calls to follow up each participant once a week for 6 weeks. Analysis by frequency, percentage, median, interquatiles range and wilcoxon signed rank test.
Finding shows that most participants were female (81%), half of them were sellers (45.20%), the median of pain level before a self-massage was 2 from 5, and the median of pain level after self-massage was 0.The results show that the levels of neck and shoulder pain before and after self-massage were scientific significantly different (p< .001). In conclusion, self-massage can relieve the pain of neck and shoulder. Therefore, self-massage should be introduced to elders people with neck and shoulder pain.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sirikamonsathian, B., & Skuntaniyom, A. (2018). Effects of Self-Massage on Pain Among Elders in Rimklong Lorlae Community, Khannayao District. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 38(3), 92–101. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/148310
Research Articles


1. Helme RD, Gibson, SJ. The epidemiology of pain in elderly people. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine. 2001;17(3):417-31. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-0690(05)70078-1

2. Teerachitkul J, Naka K, Boonphadh P. Management of muscular aches and pains in old-age Rubber tappers. Thai Journal of Nursing Council. 2012;27(2); 134-47. Thai.

3. Department of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine [Internet]. [cited 2018 June 23]. Aviailable from: https://www.dtam.moph.go.th/index.php?option=com_phocagallery&view=category&id=1&Itemid=440&lang=th&limit start=20

4. Moraska AF, Stenerson L, Butryn N, et al. Myofascial trigger point-focused head and neck massage for recurrent tension-type headache: A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Clin J Pain. 2015; 31(2): 159-68. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000091

5. Lauche R, Materdey S, Cramer H, et. al. Effectiveness of home-based cupping massage compared to progressive muscle relaxation in patients with chronic neck pain-a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2013;8(6):1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065378

6. Mok E, Woo CP. The effects of slow-stroke back massage on anxiety and shoulder pain in elderly stroke patients. Complement TherNurs Midwifery. 2004;10(4):209-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ctnm.2004.05.006

7. Reid MC, Papaleontiou M., Ong A., et al. Self-Management strategies to reduce pain and improvefunction among older adults in community settings: A review of the evidence. Pain Med. 2008;9(4):409-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2008.00428.x.Epub 2008 Mar 11.

8. Zanchin G., Maggioni F., Granella F., et. al. Self-administered pain-relieving manoeuvres in primary headaches. Cephalalgia. 2001; 21(7):718-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2982.2001.00199.x

9. Health and Development Foundation, Thai Medicine Development Foundation, and Thai Massage Institute. 41 postures of self-massage for health. Bangkok: Public Health and Development Foundation.; 2005. Thai.

10. Health and Development Foundation. Textbook of Thai Massage Volume 1.5 th ed. Bangkok: Health & Development Foundation. 2016. Thai.

11. Anuwatphrayoon K. Massage for health. [Internet]. [cited 2018 June 23]. Available from: http://xn-22c9bqhn6b2ce5ci6npa.blogspot.com/2013/01/blog-post_20.html.

12. Australian Government Department of Health. Wong Baker FACES Pain rating scale [Internet].[cited 2014 May 8]. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/triageqrg~triageqrg-pain~triageqrg-wong.

13. Health Library. Evidence-based information. massage therapy (Alternative Therapy) [Internet].[cited 2015 July 4]. Available from https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center.