Main Article Content
This descriptive research aimed to study the level of child caring behaviors and comparison of child caring behaviors regarding preventive and control for communicable diseases at home of guardians and at the early childhood development division of caregivers. Purposive sampling was used to selected 108 guardians who brought their children to early childhood development division and 18 caregivers at the early childhood development division. The data were collected using self-reported questionnaires consisted of 1) demographic data, 2) child caring behaviors regarding preventive and control for communicable diseases at home of guardians, and 3) child caring behaviors regarding preventive and control for communicable diseases at the early childhood development division of caregivers. The questionnaires were tested for face validity and for the reliability of questionnaires 2-3, yielding Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of .81 and .78, respectively.
The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test.
The results revealed that the mean scores of the child caring behaviors of guardians and caregivers were at a high level both overall (M ± SD = 3.88 ± 0.48 vs. 4.63 ± 0.26) and dimensions such as caring of child personal hygiene (M ± SD = 3.93 ± 0.49 vs. 4.65 ± 0.28), caring of guardians or caregivers’ personal hygiene (M ± SD = 3.69 ± 0.83 vs. 4.65 ± 0.42), caring child with communicable diseases (M ± SD = 3.69 ± 0.67 vs. 4.69 ± 0.35), and appliance and environmental care (M ± SD = 4.21 ± 0.57 vs. 4.53 ± 0.26). Independent t-test analysis showed that the overall and all dimension mean scores of child caring behaviors of caregivers were significantly higher than those of the guardians (p< .001). Thus, to prevent communicable diseases, the heads of early childhood development division should promote child care behaviors of the guardians and continuously maintain these behaviors for caregivers.
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