Essential and Necessary Information for Self-Care Among Diabetic Patients in the Context of a Primary Care Unit

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Benjayamas Pilayon
Songkran Nakbun
Charoenchai Muenhor
Naovarat Senachai
Sukhamabhorn Phuengphasook


     The purpose of this research was to determine the essential and necessary information for self-care among diabetic patients. This formed part of a study on the development of a personal healthcare monitoring for diabetic patients, developed as an application for smart phones. Qualitative research methodology was employed to conduct the study. Purposive sampling method was used to select the informants in the Northeastern region of Thailand. The study consisted of 65 key informants including diabetic patients, caregivers, staff at the primary care unit, and village health care volunteers. The secondary informant was the village headman.
     Data were collected through in-depth interview, observation, focus group discussion and the studying of documents. The results of the study showed that the crucial information consisted of: 1) personal data, 2) health status data, 3) information to promote self-care behaviors among diabetic patients, 4) information for health care service provision, 5) health services information received, 6) information concerning health problems used for informing doctors, and 7) information for the potential development of village health care volunteers. Obviously, these information sets are vital amid the provision of health services for diabetic patients in the area. Consequently, the knowledge obtained from this study may be utilized to develop an application or database for the monitoring of diabetic patients’ health statuses in order to enhance quality of life.


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Pilayon, B., Nakbun, S., Muenhor, C., Senachai, N., & Phuengphasook, S. (2018). Essential and Necessary Information for Self-Care Among Diabetic Patients in the Context of a Primary Care Unit. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 38(4), 91–102. Retrieved from
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