Development of Competency Indicators for Nurses in Songklanagarind Hospital

Main Article Content

Chonticha Pochanakij
Kasetchai Laeheem
Pratyanan Thingchanya


The study aims to develop the indicators and test competency nursing profession at Prince of Songkla University. The study was conducted with 550 nurses with at least 1 year experience. The questionnaire was approved for content validity from 7 experts. The reliability value of the questionnaire yielded at .97. The data were analyzed by using percentage mean and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA).

The results showed that the indicators of nursing professions consist of major 7 factors with 44 indicators including leadership management and quality control (b = .71), communication. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b = 0.71) including 9 and 4 indicators respectively, followed by research (b = 0.66) consisting of 5 indicators; Professional features (b = 0.59) consisting of 10 indicators; nursing (b = 0.53) consisting of 4 indicators; Ethics (b = 0.48) consisting of 7 indicators and Technology and Social (b = 0.42) consisting of 5 indicators. The linear structural model the performance of nursing profession was in statistically significant congruence with empirical data. = 1009.37, Chi-Square = 1009.37, df = 786, p = 0.00, GFI = .92, AGFI = .90 and RMSEA = .024

Nurse administrator can apply the results in developing the performance evaluation tool and for creating individual development plan.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Pochanakij, C., Laeheem, K., & Thingchanya, P. (2019). Development of Competency Indicators for Nurses in Songklanagarind Hospital. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 39(3), 137–149. Retrieved from
Research Articles


Srisuphan V, Luangamonlert S, Sawaengdee K, et al. Preparation of nursing profession for ASEAN community. TJNC. 2012; 27(3): 5-10. Thai.

Public Health Nursing Division. Handbook of how to development nursing human’s competency. Bangkok: Public health Nursing Division; 2011.

Saratpun P. Competency of nursing [Internet]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2012 [cited 2012 May 17]. Avalable from: of nurse.html

Office of the Civil Service Commission. Handbook of competency of civil servant : Core competency. 1 th ed. Nonthaburi: Prachumchang Company Limited; 2010.Thai.

Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council. Core competency for profession of nursing and midwifery. Bangkok: Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council; 1997.

Singchangchai, P. (2006). Principles and using multivariate statistics analysis for nursing research. Songkhla: Chanmuang Press.

Joreskog, K.G. & Sorbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8 structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Chicago: Scientific Software International.

Diamantopoulos, A. & Siguaw, J. A. (2000). Introducing LISREL: A guide for the uninitiated. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAG 9.

Aungsuchot S, Vijitwanna S, Pinyopanuwat R. The statistics of analytical for social and behavioral science research: Tricks for LISREL. 3rd ed. Bangkok: Chareoundeemunkong press; 2011.E.

Whelan, L. (2006). Competency assessment of nursing staff. NAON, 25, 198–202.

Pihlainen, V. Kivinen, T. & Lammintakanen, J. (2016). Management and leadership competence in hospitals: A systematic literature review. Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl), 29 (Suppl. 1), 95-110.

Nansupawat, A. Manangement concept organization theory. Leadership and nursing administration. Chiangmai: Siampim nana; 2018. Thai.

Tayhopakarn, N. & Ratchukul, S. (2009). Relationships servant leadership of head nurses, constructive organizational culture and effectiveness of patient units as perceived by professional nurses, regional hospitals under the jurisdiction of ministry of public health, southern region. Nursing Journal, 36 (3), 1-17.

Rungreungsri, S. Concept and technique for building relationship. Leadership and nursing administration. Chiangmai: Siampim nana; 2018. Thai.

Liu, Y & Angsuroch, Y (2018). Current literature review of registered nurses’ competency in the global community. J. Nurs. Scholarsh, 50 (2), 191-199.

Kunsiripunyo, J. (2015). The development of criterion onevaluation register nurse competencies. JRTRN, 16 (2), 123-130.

Sivilai, S. Ethic for nurses. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2009. Thai.