Main Article Content
This descriptive research aimed to describe the purpose in life among students in southern Thailand. The sample consisted of 222 Thai students who participated in activities at the academic booth of the Division of Community Nurse Practitioner, Faculty of Nursing, at the 2016 Prince of Songkla University open house. Accidental sampling was used to select the sample. The instruments consisted of two components: 1) personal data, and 2) the Purpose in Life (PIL) questionnaire. The PIL questionnaire was approved by three experts, and was tested for reliability with 30 junior high school students using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, which yielded the value of 0.84. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.The results revealed that most of adolescents had overall purpose in life about with mean and SD M(SD) = 95.12(14.34) Considering each of five domains of the purpose in life questionnaire, the highest mean score level was found in life expectancy component = 33.69(5.60), followed by attitude to life = 20.85(4.00), living with meaningful = 20.28(4.19), self-determination = 10.28(2.96) and feeling that I am meaningless = 10.02(2.79). respectively The findings could be used as a basis for planning, promoting and maintaining their purpose in life. Furthermore, this findings could be help them to live with strength, self-direction, selfesteem and responsibility for their life, and to be a quality citizen of the nation.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Department of Provincial Administration; [Internet]. [cited 2016 Apr 6]. Available from: http://stat.dopa.go.th/stat/statnew/upstat_age_disp.php.
2. Areekun W. Adolescent health care and supervision. Bangkok: Department of Pediatrics, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine; 2010.
3. Sawyer SM, Afifi RA, Bearinger LH, et al. Adolescence Health. Lancet; 2012.
4. National statistical office Thailand. Information technology and communication branch [Internet]. Bangkok: National Statistical Office Thailand; [Internet]. [cited 2016 May 10]. Available from: http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nsopublish/citizen/news/news_youth.jsp.
5. Balthip Q, Chandrema S. Process of establishing purpose of life of Thai teenagers living with HIV. Songklanagarind J Nurs. 2013; 33(3): 1-15. Thai.
6. Balthip K, Petchruschatachart U, Piriyakoontorn S, et al. Purpose in life among Thai junior high school adolescents. Songklanagarind J Nurs. 2017; 37: 89-97. Thai.
7. Thanaporndee T. Factors Affecting on Goal of Life of the Fourth Level, Secondary Grades 4-6 Students at Sacred Heart Convent School in Klongtoey District, Bangkok. Bangkok: Srinakharinwirot University; 2008. Thai.
8. Kedman P. Adolescent development. Bangkok: department of psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. [Internet]. [cited 2016 Feb 9] Available from: http://www.psyclin.co.th/new_page_57.htm.
9. Scarborough MK, Lewis CM, Kulkarni S. Enhancing adolescent brain development through goal-setting activities. Social work. 2010; 55(3): 276-78.
10. Machell KA, Disabato DJ, Kashdan TB. Buffering the negative impact of poverty on youth: The power of purpose in life. Soc Indic Res. 2016; 126(2): 845-61
11. Bronk KC, Finch WH, Talib TL. Purpose in life among high ability adolescents. High Ability Studies. 2010; 21(2): 133-45.
12. Tuikumpee A. Logotherapy. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press; 2016. Thai.
13. Brassai L, Piko BF, Steger MF. Meaning in life: Is it a protective factor for adolescents’ psychological health?. Int J Behav Med. 2011; 18(1): 44-51.
14. Balthip Q, Purnell JM. Pursuing meaning and purpose in life among Thai adolescents living with HIV: A grounded theory study. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2014; 4(25): e27-38. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2014.03.004.
15. Kaotrakun S. Educational psychology. 11 th ed. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press; 2010. Thai.
16. Bronk KC. The role of purpose in optimal human functioning. in: Purpose in life. Springer, Dordrecht. 2014.
17. Damon W, Menon J, Bronk, KC. The development of purpose during adolescence. Applied Development Science. 2003; 7(3): 119-28.
18. Bronk CK, Holmes WF, Talib LT. Purpose in life among high ability adolescents. High Ability Studies. 2010; 21(2): 133-45.
19. Crumbaugh CJ, Maholick LT. An experimental study in existentialism: The psychometric approach to Frankl’s concept of noogenic neurosis. Br J Clin Psychol. 1964; 20(2): 200-07.
20. Pholchan T, Chuangchum P. The life purposes and searching for meaning of life in the Third Year Medical Students, Naresuan University. Thammasat Med J. 2018; 18(4): 636-43. Thai.
21. Kendall CB, Patrick LH, Daniel KL, et al. Purpose, hope, and life satisfaction in three age groups. J Posit Psychol. 2009; 4(6): 500-10. doi: 10.1080/17439760903271439.
22. Plodprong V. Factors affecting life gold of upper secondary students of Srinakarinwirot University, Patumwan Demonstration school. J educ SWU. 2018; 13(1): 235-48. Thai.
23. Balthip K, McSherry W, Nilmanat K. Spirituality and dignity of Thai adolescents living with HIV. Religions. 2017; 8(257): 1-18. doi: 10.3390/rel8120257.
24. Balthip K, McSherry W, Petchruschatachart U, et al. Enhancing life purpose amongst Thai adolescents. J Moral Educ. 2017; 46(3): 295-307.
25. Balthip K, Petchruschatachart U, Piriyakoontorn S, et al. Purpose in life among Thai junior high school adolescents. Songklanagarind J Nurs. 2017; 37(Suppl): 89-97.
26. Blattnera CM, Belle L, Terese L, et al. Searching for a sense of purpose: The role of parents and effects on self-esteem among female adolescents. J Adolesc Res 2013; 36: 839-48. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.06.008. Thai.
27. Pongsayaporn K. Purpose in life and stress of Chulalongkorn university’s undergraduate students.
Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. 2018. Thai.
28. Jutopama M. Educational Psychology. Bureerum: Rawat Printing. 2011. Thai.
29. Keawkangwan S. Development Psychology. Bangkok: Thummasat University Press; 2010. Thai.
30. Phillips S, Celeste R, Haase, et al. Connectedness in the context of patient–provider relationships: A concept analysis. J Adv Nurs. 2012; 68(1): 230-45.