Learning Outcome according to Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education as Perceived by Nursing Students regarding the Hybrid Learning Approach in an Elementary Nursing Research Subject

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Pranee Khamchan
Tutchamat Thailek
Samonnan Thasaneesuwan


Objectives: This descriptive research aimed to examine learning outcome according to the Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education (TQF) based on nursing students’ perception regarding the hybrid learning approach in an elementary nursing research subject. Methods: Samples were 125 fourth year undergraduates nursing students, selected by using a purposive sampling technique. Data were collected by using the perception of learning outcome according TQF questionnaire. Content validity was determined and the item objective congruence (IOC) was .99. Reliability of the questionnaire was checked by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, yielding the values of .96. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Results: The results found that overall, the TQF level of undergraduate nursing students were in high level (M = 4.10, SD = .48). The highest average score was ethics and moral (M = 4.28, SD = .49), followed by numerical analysis, communication and information technology skills (M = 4.13, SD = .58), interpersonal skills and responsibility (M = 4.12, SD = .56), knowledge (M = 4.03, SD = .58), and cognitive skills (M = 3.93, SD = .54). Conclusion: The hybrid learning approach in elementary nursing research subject can affect nursing students’ achievements for learning outcomes according to TQF in a high level. The results of this study can
be used as basic information for further teaching and learning management in this context.


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Khamchan, P., Thailek, T. ., & Thasaneesuwan, S. . (2022). Learning Outcome according to Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education as Perceived by Nursing Students regarding the Hybrid Learning Approach in an Elementary Nursing Research Subject. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 42(3), 63–73. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/257379
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