Developing Nursing Students’ Soft Skills: A Lessons Learned from Alternative Health Subject

Main Article Content

Yaowares Somsap
Acha Varee


Introduction: Soft skills are the skills that complement human beings emotionally and socially. They consist of a group of individual skills and social skills. All soft skills are extremely important for the nursing profession because nurses provide care for human beings, both in good health and in sickness. But today being a digital era, everything is driven by basic to advanced technology. As a result, nurses may less concern the feelings of the clients. Thus, soft skills will help nurses to fulfill the mental care for them. Soft skills development in nursing students relies on the cultivation process inside and outside the classroom. Therefore, nursing education institutions must design instructional management for the development of soft skills by nurturing all nursing students along with academic and professional skills. This article will address the concept of soft skills, the importance and how to promote soft skills in nursing discipline, citing examples for developing soft skills in an Alternative Health course. Conclusions: All qualified nursing graduates must be continuously developed soft skills to make nursing practice more efficient and create happiness.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Somsap, Y. ., & Varee, A. . (2023). Developing Nursing Students’ Soft Skills: A Lessons Learned from Alternative Health Subject. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 43(2), 122–131. Retrieved from


Sladek S, Grabinger A. Gen Z the first generation of the 21st century has arrived [internet]. Virginia: XYZ University; 2014 [cited 2022 Dec 20]. Available from:

Wongsaree C, Sirilukkananan K. Instructional design, and achievement test construction in 21st century in theoretical subjects in the field of nursing education. J Health and Health manage. 2019; 5(2): 1-22. Thai.

Sitthirungson W. Open medical case statistics 2018-2020: The idea of building a network to organize a prevention overall system [internet]. Udonthani: Thai Health Reform Foundation (TRF); 2020 [cited 2022 Dec 28]. Available from:

Jiménez-Rodríguez D, Jurado MMM, Pérez-Fuentes MC, et al. The effects of a non-technical skills training program on emotional intelligence and resilience in undergraduate nursing students. Healthcare (Basel). 2022; 10(5): 866. doi: 10.3390/healthcare10050866.

Elmohmady EAE, Abo Gad RAE-F, Ramadan A, et al. Contribution of non-technical skills on nurses’ performance efficiency of nursing care process in Intensive care units. Tanta Scientific Nurs J. 2020; 19(2): 127-50. doi: 10.21608/TSNJ.2020.131968.

Hariti T, Rejeki S, Ernawati. Strengthening soft skills as the character of student nurses through the preceptorship management model. Enfermería Clínica. 2020; 30: 64-8. doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.02.

Cimatti B. Definition, development, assessment of soft skills and their role for the quality of organizations and enterprises. Intern J Qual Res. 2016; 10(1): 97-130. doi: 10.18421/IJQR10.01-05.

Ernawat E, Bratajaya CNA. Senior nurses’ perceptions of essential soft skills for novice nurses in a private hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia: A phenomenological study. Belitung Nurs J. 2021; 7(4): 320-8. doi: 10.33546/bnj.1549.

Batistaa MP, Romani-Dias M. AACSB international accreditation as a catalyst for soft skills in business school. J Edu Busi. 2021; 97(40): 1-7. doi: 10.1080/08832323.2021.1924105.

Laari L, Anim-Boamah O, Boso CM. Soft skills the matchless traits and skills in nursing practice: An integrative review. Nurs Pract Today. 2022; 9(4): 267-78. doi: 10.18502/npt.v9i4.11199.

Hartiti T, Poddar S, Bhaumik A. Development transformational leadership model to improve nurses’ soft skills. Mal J Med Health Sci. 2020; 16(10suppl): 113-8.

Wikijob Team. 20 Soft Skills Employers Look For in 2023 (with examples) [internet]. London: WikiJob; 2022 [updated 22 Oct 2022; cited 2023 Jan 12]. Available from:

Ng LK. The perceived importance of soft (service) skills in nursing care: A research study. Nurse Educ Today. 2020; 85(8): 104302. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2019.104302.

Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council. Main competencies of bachelor’s degree graduates in nursing [internet]. Nonthaburi; Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council; 2017 [cited 2017 Oct 15]. Available from:

Bullington J, Söderlund M, Sparén EB, et al. Communication skills in nursing: A phenomenologically-based communication training approach. Nurse Educa Pract. 2019; 39: 136-41. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2019.08.011.

Peddle M, Bearman M, Mckenna L, et al. Exploring undergraduate nursing student interactions with virtual patients to develop ‘non-technical skills’ through case study methodology. Advan Simula. 2019; 4(1): 1-11. doi: 10.1186/s41077-019-0088-7.

Chaonarin P, Keeratavanithsathian S, Kamolabutra M, et al. Soft skills: Skills needed for nurses. JOHSS. 2022; 9(1): 1-17. Thai.

Patel S. Soft skills for health care staff: A scoping review. [master’s thesis].[Helsinki]: Metropolia University of Applied Sciences; 2021. 30 p.

Luke L, Dube BM. Nursing students’ perceptions of soft skills training in Ghana. Curationis. 2017; 40(1): e1-5. doi: 10.4102/curationisv40i1.1677.

Morrell BLM, Eukel HN, Santurri LE. Soft skills and implications for future professional practice: Qualitative findings of a nursing education escape room. Nurse Educ Today. 2020; 1(93): 104462. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104462.

Jamjan L, Makornkan S, Keeratavanithsathian S. Developing nursing students’ soft skills: Learned from the collaborative network for educational quality assurance. J Public Health Nurs. 2019; 33(2): 130-40. Thai.

Melser NA. Soft skills for children: A guide for parents and teachers. London: Rowman & Littlefield; 2019.

Varee A, Somsap Y. Course specification of alternative healthcare for 2 nd Year Bachelor Degree Students. Chiang Mai: McCormick Faculty of Nursing; 2022. Thai.