Main Article Content
Introduction: Diabetes is a key public health issue. It is an incurable chronic disease throughout the world, and the universal trend is that it is increasing. There will be at least an estimated 552 million patients with diabetes throughout the world, especially in Asia. Diabetes with poorly-controlled blood sugar levels usually leads to complications, e.g., coronary artery disease, kidney failure, and peripheral neuropathy. Therefore ,it is one of the global top five causes of organ loss and death.
Objective: To study the factors related to type 2 diabetes in people of 15 years old and over in the primary care unit network of Surin Hospital.
Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study
Results: There were in total 56,517 registered volunteers, 1,300 were excluded, so 55,217 remained. There were 5,919 patients with diabetes in this group (10.7%). The factors that were significantly related to type 2 diabetes in people of 15 years old and over in Surin Province consisted of those ≥ 40 years old; with family records of diabetes and hypertension; with BMI ≥ 23 kg./m2, and hypertension, which was mostly related to diabetes.
Conclusions and Discussion: People with such risk, particularly those with hypertension, should be assessed for diabetes.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
2. Melmed S. Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM. Williams textbook of endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier/Saunders; 2012.
3. Shi Y, Hu FB. The global implications of diabetes and cancer. Lancet 2014; 383 (9933): 1947–8.
4. Tripathy BB, Chandalia HB, Das AK, Rao PV, Madhu SV. RSSDI textbook of diabetes mellitus. New Delhi : Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2012.
5. Surin Provincial Public Health Office. Medical records and statistics. Surin: Annual statistics report; 2012.
6. Diabetes Association of Thailand under The Patronage of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, The Endocrine Society of Thailand. Guidelines for Diabetes 2015. Bangkok: National Health Security Office, Ministry of Public Health; 2015.
7. Tantanandana S. Diabetes Practice Guidelines 2011.Bangkok: Sri Muang Printing Co., Ltd .; 2015.
8. Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Miles JM, Fisher JN. Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2009; 32 : 1335–43.
9. World Health Organization. Definition and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and intermediate
hyperglycemia report of a WHO/IDF consultation. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2006.
10. Alam Miah MB, Yousuf MA. Analysis the significant risk factors on type 2 diabetes perspective of Bangladssh. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2018;12: 897-902.
11. Akter S, Rahman MM, Abe SK, Sultana P. Nationwide survey of prevalence and risk factors for diabetes and prediabetes in Bungladeshi adult. Diabetes care 2014; 37(1):e9-e10.
12. Guasch-Ferré M, Bulló M, Costa B, Martínez-Gonzalez MÁ, Ibarrola-Jurado N, Estruch R, et al. A risk score to predict type 2 diabetes mellitus in an elderly Spanish Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. PLoS One 2012; 7: e33437.