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BACKGROUND: Substance abuse among youths is a problem that affects both physical and psychosocial health. Resilience is one of the key factors that prevent young people from engaging in substance abuse.
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of selected factors on the resilience of youths receiving substance abuse treatment.
METHODS: This predictive correlational research aimed to study selected factors affecting the resilience of youth who were undergoing substance abuse treatment at treatment facilities of the Ministry of Defense in the eastern area of Thailand. The 280 samples were selected by using a simple random sampling, and data collected from April to November, 2020. Data were collected by using questionnaires consisting of 6 parts, which asked the respondents questions regarding their personal information, resilience, social support, self - esteem, family connectedness, and a self - stigma in substance abuse scale. The Cronbach alpha coefficients were 0.78, 0.93, 0.82, 0.78 and 0.85, respectively. Descriptive statistics and the Enter method of Multiple Regression were employed for data analyses.
RESULTS: The results showed that youths receiving treatment for addiction had an average resilience of 77.9 (SD = 9.6). Most of them (52.1%) had a high level of resilience. The results of the Enter method of Multiple Regression analysis showed that all four factors could affect resilience with a multiple correlation coefficient R = 0.456. Those influencing factors had a covariate of resilience with a statistical significance of 19.6% (R2 = 0.196, p < 0.001) and a standard deviation predictor of 5.971. However, there were just three factors that could predict resilience statistically: social support (β = 0.260, p < 0.001), self - esteem (β = 0.232, p < 0.001), and family connectedness (β = 0.176, p < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: This research results deliver significant background information for the development of activities or programs to enhance life resilience among youths undergoing substance abuse treatment by promoting social support, self - esteem, and family connectedness.
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