Factors Related to Family as Centered Role of Caring Group of Children Allergic to Major Food Allergens

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Kulyaporn Cheypho
Sipana Pummarak
Yupa Phopa
Pantipa Chatchatee


BACKGROUND: A food allergy is a particular immunological reaction of the body to certain proteins in food the occurs by producing antibodies. It was shown that the age group with the highest prevalence of allergies was youngsters between the ages of 5 and 12. Seafood, dairy products, eggs and wheat flour were the food groups that triggered the greatest allergic reactions. In providing care for newborns with food allergies, the family is crucial.

OBJECTIVES: To study the healthcare behaviors of children with food allergies and the top eight allergies of the family. Factors that correlate with the role of family-centered care in the care of children with food allergies in the top eight allergens group are: Perceived severity of food allergies, perception of the risk of food allergies, recognizing the duration of illness, elements of a mobile application and the role of the family in care. The top eight allergies need to be identified and properly treated.

METHODS: This study uses a cross-sectional design to examine variables related to the role of the family in providing for children with the eight major food allergens. One hundred families with children who had food allergies made up the sample group. The researcher developed a questionnaire to gather data, which included the following topics: components of mobile applications, risk perception of illness duration, perceived severity of food allergies and the role of families in providing care for children with food allergies. Included in the questionnaire were the eight main types of food allergies, as based on health belief patterns.

RESULTS: The average score of caregiver perceptions of the risk of food allergies was found to be high (X̄=21.7), while the perceptions of the caregivers on the severity and duration of food allergies were found to be moderate (X̄=17.0). A high level of a variety of mobile application elements (X̄=14.8), a moderate level of illness (X̄=5.7) and a high level of the role of families with children with food allergies (X̄=82.6) were observed. The predictive elements correlation analysis results are related to the role of families whose children have severe food allergies. Out of all the categories, mobile application components have the strongest correlation (r=0.50), while all four characteristics might predict how a family will handle food-allergic children (27.4 percent of the time).

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study offer guidance on the care of children with food allergies in the family. Public health professionals ought to inform teachers, school nurses, families and communities regarding the severity of food allergies and the length of each type of allergy. There are mobile applications that provide first aid and dietary recommendations.

Article Details

Original Article


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