Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Impact on Quality of Life of Female Urinary Incontinence in a Thai Rural Area

Main Article Content

Benjamat Khuawan
Jittima Manonai
Somsak Suthutvoravut
Vajira Singhakajen


Objective: To assess the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI), its associated factors, and its impact on the quality of life (QOL) of women.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 385 women who lived in a Thai rural area in Wangsila Village, Wangnamyen District, Srakaew Province. The questions comprises of demographic data, history of childbirth and medical diseases. Urinary incontinence symptoms within 1 month prior to the interview were asked using simple question. Quality of life was assessed using the Incontinence Quality of Life queationnaire.

Results: Seventy-eight women (20.3%) had urinary incontinence. Among them, 5 (1.3%) had stress urinary incontinence, 14 (3.6%) had urge incontinence and 59 (15.3%) had both types. The significant associated factor was parity with age as a confounder. The impact on QOL as assessed by I-QOL questionnaires was that all of the following three domains were affected: limiting activities, the psychological aspect, and social embarrassment. From a 100 percent score of quality of life, UI decreased the score of three domains of QOL: limiting activities, the psychological aspect, and social embarrassment (93.3%, 92.0%, and 86.8%, respectively)

Conclusions: The prevalence of UI among Thai woman in the rural area was 20.3%. Most had both stress and urge incontinence. The significant associated factor was parity with age as a confouder. UI had a negative impact on three domains of QOL of Thai women in the rural area. 

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Khuawan, B., Manonai, J., Suthutvoravut, S., & Singhakajen, V. (2013). Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Impact on Quality of Life of Female Urinary Incontinence in a Thai Rural Area. Ramathibodi Medical Journal, 36(4), 269–275. Retrieved from
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