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Background: Foot ulceration and amputation have alarmingly increased among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Vietnam. Poor foot care behavior is one of the crucial reasons which leads to diabetes related foot problems. Exploration factors related to foot care behaviors among people with diabetes becomes a necessary issue to limit this complication.
Objective: To determine factors related to foot care behaviors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: The descriptive correlation study was conducted in 140 participants by purposive sampling technique in the outpatient room of Da Nang Hospital, Da Nang, Vietnam from December 2017 to January 2018. Instrument used in the study included of the six cognitive impairment test, demographic form, the Nottingham assessment of functional foot care, foot care knowledge, foot care confidence scale, and foot care subscale in the social support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Data were analyzed by chi-square test, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, and Spearman rank correlation coefficient.
Results: Of 140 participants, 58.6% had poor foot care behaviors. Education level, foot care knowledge, foot care self-efficacy, and social support showed a statistically significant positive correlation with foot care behaviors. There was no significant correlation between age, gender, and foot care behaviors.
Conclusions: The study suggested that improving foot care knowledge, foot care behaviors and enhancing the role of nurses must be implemented for the improvement of foot care behaviors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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