Effects of an Empowerment Program on Selfcare Behaviors, HbA1C and Clinical Outcomes in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Patients

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Uraiwan Pantong
Patcharaporn Kajornwattanakul


The purpose of this quasi-experimental, one group Pretest-Posttest research design was aimed to studying the effects of an empowerment program on selfcare behaviors, HbA1C, and clinical outcomes among uncontrolled type 2 diabetes patients in one health promoting hospital in Nakhon Si Thammarat province.The sample of 35 uncontrolled type 2 diabetes patients received the empowerment program for 16 weeks. The research instruments included 1) the empowerment program based on the Gibson’s model and 2) a questionnaire of selfcare behaviors. The content validity index of the questionnaire was .82 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .70. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. A paired t-test was used to compare pre-test and post-test scores. The results showed that after implementing the program, the sample had significantly a higher mean self-care behavior score, while the mean score of HbA1C, systolic blood pressure, BMI, and blood sugar decreased significantly after completing the program at the .05 level. The findings suggest that the empowerment program was useful for promoting the selfcare behaviors among uncontrolled diabetic patients in a primary care unit.


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Pantong อ, Kajornwattanakul พ. Effects of an Empowerment Program on Selfcare Behaviors, HbA1C and Clinical Outcomes in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Patients . NJPH (วารสาร พ.ส.) [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 30 [cited 2022 Jul. 1];30(1):14-2. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnaph/article/view/241488


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