Main Article Content
The research aimed to create and evaluate the feasibility of a self-directed learning model to develop transcultural nursing competencies for nursing students. There were two research procedures. Firstly, a model was developed by studying relevant research documents in order to determine the model framework and examining the quality of the model, model manual and tools used for data collection by 6 experts. Secondly, the effectiveness of the model was assessed. The sample consisted of 40 nursing students in academic year 2018. A one group pre-test and post-test design was applied to this study. Statistics were used for the data analysis included median, interquartile range, mean, standard deviation, correlation coefficient and dependent t-tests. The study found that during the model formulation phase, the experts agreed to use 4 steps of learning: assessing readiness, developing knowledge, developing awareness and developing skills of caring for clients, with a median of 4.10-4.68 and a quartile range of .50-.96. The effectiveness index of the model was found higher than the criteria (.58). The participants in the program had a significantly higher mean score in self-directed learning than before the program (t39=-7.406, p<.001). The sample demonstrated a significantly higher score in the cultural competencies of knowledge, awareness, and cultural skills, after participation in the program (P<.05). Self-directed learning was positively related with awareness and cultural skills with statistical significance at the level of .001 (r=.712 and .774, respectively). The research shows that this model could promote self-directed learning which can lead to the development of transcultural nursing competencies of nursing students.
Keywords: transcultural nursing competencies; self-directed learning; research and development
บทความและรายงานวิจัยในวารสารพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข เป็นความคิดเห็นของ ผู้เขียน มิใช่ของคณะผู้จัดทำ และมิใช่ความรับผิดชอบของสมาคมศิษย์เก่าพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข ซึ่งสามารถนำไปอ้างอิงได้
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