Prevalence and Factors Associated with Positive Colorectal Cancer Screening by Fecal Immunochemical Test among People in Phatthalung Province
Keywords:Prevalence, colorectal cancer, Fecal immunochemical test
The purposes of this cross-sectional study aimed to investigate prevalence and factors associated with positive colorectal cancer screening by fecal immunochemical test. Of these, 183 samples who residing Khuha Sawan subdistrict, Muang district, Phatthalung province. The FOB Rapid test used to screen in this study. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and Fisher’s exact test. Odds Ratios and 95% Confidence interval were presented factors associated with positive colorectal cancer screening by fecal immunochemical test. Results showed that the prevalence of positive colorectal cancer screening was percent. In addition, it showed that history of abnormal fecal excretion (p-value = 0.021), alcohol drinking (p-value = 0.017), smoking (p-value = 0.011) and proceed meet consumption (p-value = 0.016) were statistical significantly associated with positive colorectal cancer screening by fecal immunochemical test. In summary, medical and health professionals should promote whom had positive colorectal cancer screening attending to confirm by colonoscopy. In addition, prevention program related to reduce risk health behavior in population aged 50-70 years should be provided such fecal excretion behavior, food consumption, alcohol
drinking and smoking in order to reduce risk of colorectal cancer.
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