Assessment and Analysis of the Causes of Noise Levels for Working in the Maintenance and Inspection Services of One Petroleum Pipeline in Songkhla
Keywords:Sound intensity level, hearing loss, fishbone diagram
This research is a survey research to assess the sound intensity level in the workplace of maintenance and inspection services of petroleum pipeline, to analyze sounds exposure of workers and the causes of noise levels and the prevention of hearing losses by using a fishbone diagram. The result showed that the average of sound intensity level in the workplace and sound exposure of workers is higher than the standard exposure to noise level. (Not more than 85 dB(A)). The overall prevention knowledge of hazard and hearing loss from loud noise was very good. However, workers still lack knowledge regarding noise affecting other parts of their health and wearing protective equipment. Their overall behavior was good but there is still behavior that should be improved or developed. It was preventing or reducing exposure to loud noises after-hour work. The results revealed that the main causes of sound intensity level in the workplace that affect hearing loss were 1) worker errors 2) method errors 3) management errors and 4) machine or equipment errors. Therefore, the company should consider improving the working methods or processes that were the sources of noise, maintaining sound volume, having short, quiet breaks, reviewing and providing additional training to help reduce hearing losses of workers effectively.
Yongpraderm, M., Yimthiang, S., Intharuan, M., Dankhachatha, S., Kaewboon, K. Noise Levels and Noise Contour Map in Textile Manufacturing Industry, Khon Kaen Province. The 2nd National Conference RTUNC 2017; 26-27 July 2017 Ubonratchathani, Thailand. (In Thai)
Kittikong, P., Sakunkoo, P. Nathapindhu, G. A Study of Sound Levels and Abnormal Symptoms of Noise Exposure in Workers at a Paper Plant. Journal Science and Technology MSU 2018; 37(1): 1-6. (In Thai)
Prakairungthong, J., Kerdmuang, S. Factors Associated with Hearing Loss among Workers in Auto Part Manufacturing Industry in Suphanburi Province. Journal of Nursing and Health Care 2017; 35(3): 98-108. (In Thai)
Thongtip, S., Silangirn, P. Assessment of occupational noise during stone carving and mortar in workers in Phayao Province. Journal Medical Health Science 2019; 26(1): 38-47. (In Thai)
Ratttanarak A., Intarintintuwat, M., Wangsaen, K., Sakunkhu, R. State of occupational noise induce hearing loss situation in Thailand and other countries. KKU Journal for Public Health Research 2018; 10(1): 1-10. (In Thai)
Martbundit, C. Noise Hazard Preventive Behaviors among Workers in Sugar Refinery Factory. Thai Journal of Public Health and Health Sciences 2018; 1(1): 17-33. (In Thai)
Surasit P., Incharoen, S., Pannoi, W. Preventive Behaviors on Occupational Hearing Loss among Workers of a Para Rubber Wood Sawmill in Trang Province. The 1st National Conference Research and innovation Knowledge Transformation towards Thailand 4.0. 7-8 December 2017, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University.
Kittikong P, Sakunkoo, P., Nathapindhu, G. A Follow up Study of Hearing Loss and Noise Hazard Preventive Behaviors among Workers in A Pulp and Paper Plant, Khon Kaen Province. KKU Research Journal (Graduate study) 2018; 18(3): 112-123. (In Thai)
Information Technology Group, Medical Record and Statistics Section. Statistical Report 2018. [Internet]. 2018 [Cited in 13 April, 2018]. Available from: http://www.rajavithi.go.th/rj/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/stat2561.pdf.
Sotson C. (2013). Ambient Noise Reduction by Passive Control of a Noise Source in a Room. SWU Engineering Journal 2013; 8(2): 40-49. (In Thai)
Poiphanit Upatham P. and Phakratthaphan C. A Study of Noise Reduction from Relieved Condensate to Blow Down Steam System. Kasetsart Engineering Journal 2013; 26(84): 1-8. (In Thai)
Chuenwattana W. and Suppakitseelee V. (2016). The Development of Acoustic Screeing Device Made from Used Paper Material. Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal 2016; 1(1): 29-43. (In Thai)
Ritngam A. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Prevention: Role of Occupational Health Nurse. Journal of Public Health Nursing 2018; 32(2): 223-238. (In Thai)
Petprapan, R., Khaimook, W., Choosong, T. Evaluation of Noise Levels and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss of Workers at a Stone Milling Factory in Nakornsithammarat Province. Journal of Safety and Health 2015; 8(27): 13-23. (In Thai)
Fuangfu, P., Langsiri, C., Boonchang, W., Nukit, S., Sanguanuan, S., Hanchumphon, P., Phasuk, S., Piemsomboon, C., Saengdit, B. Noise-induced Hearing Loss Management in Machinery Laundry of Phramongkutklao Hospital. Royal Thai Army Medical Journal 2013: 66(4): 161-168. (In Thai)