Characteristics of Assaulting among Elderly Associated with Hospital Mortality in Southern Thailand
Assault Elderly Associated with Mortality
Keywords:Elderly, Mortality, Characteristics of assault
This study aimed to identify characteristics of assault and its association with mortality. A total of 342 elderly samples were assaulted. The data were derived from the Injury Surveillance Database from 5 General Hospitals in upper southern Thailand, during 2008-2013, the Office of Disease Prevention and Control, 11. The data were excluded as if unknown survival status. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine associations between characteristics assaulting and mortality using the R program. It revealed that 6.43% of the elderly die. Most of the deaths were males (59.09%), aged 60-69 years (77.28%), average age was 68.54 (SD = 7.76) years. Most of them were assaulted house-outside (90.91%), a period of assaulting was between 12.01-18.00 pm (36.35%). They were unknown career (36.35%), house-wife and having no income (27.28%), pensioner, state enterprise, trading company employees (27.28%). They had external trauma
(45.46%) including; blunt, stab wound, sharp object, and use of force (54.54%). Factors significantly associated with mortality were as follows: pensioner, state enterprise, trading company employee, and the elderly group were murdered, assassinated by poisoning and gunshot. These factors need to be taken into consideration when promoting caregivers to prevent elderly assault.
Ruelas-González MG, Duarte-Gómez MB, Flores-Hernández S, Ortega-Altamirano DV, Cortés-Gil JD, Taboada A, Ruano AL. Prevalence and factors associated with violence and abuse of older adults in Mexico’s 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. International Journal for Equity in Health 2016; 13: 1-9.
Dong XQ, Wang B. Incidence of elder abuse in a U.S Chinese population: Findings from the longitudinal cohort PINE study. Journals of Gerontology Medical Sciences 2017; 72: S95-S101.
CNN Health 2019. Assaults against elderly men in the US up 75%, study finds. [Internet]. 2021. [Cited in 2 February 2021]. Available from https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/04/health/elder-abuse-cdcstudy/index.html.
Schuster I, Krahé B. Abuse of elders living at home: A review of recent prevalence studies. International Journal of Behavioral Science 2016; 11: 93-108.
Peshevska DJ, Markovik M, Sethi D, Serafimovska E, Jordanova T. The Prevalence of elder abuse and neglect: Findings from first Macedonian study. Journal of Medical Sciences 2014; 2: 353-359.
Sooryanarayana R, Choo WY, Hairi NN, Chinna K, Hairi F, Ali ZM, Ahmad SN, Razak IA, Aziz SA, Ramli R, Mohamad R, Mohammad ZL, Peramalah D, Ahmad NA, Aris T, Bulgiba A. The prevalence and correlates of elder abuse and neglect in a rural community of Negeri Sembilan state: baseline findings from The Malaysian Elder Mistreatment
Project (MAESTRO), a population-based survey. British Medical Journal Open 2017; 7: e017025.
on Y, Ramiro-Gonzalez M, Mikton CR, Huber M, Sethi D. The prevalence of elder abuse in institutional settings: A systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Public Health 2018; 29: 58-67.
Saikia AM, Mahanta N, Mahanta A, Daka AJ, Kakati A. Prevalence and risk factors of abuse among community dwelling elderly of Guwahati city, Assam. Indian Journal Community Medical 2015; 40: 297-281.
Shawon RA, Adhia A, DeCou C, Rowhani-Rahbar A. Characteristics and patterns of older adult homicides in the United States. Injury Epidemiology 2021; 8:5;1-11.
Raposo MF, Soares JS, Araújo-Monteiro GKN, Santos RC, Braga JEF, Souto RQ, Brandão BML da S. Risk of violence and quality of life among the elderly in the community: Cross-sectional study. Revista da Rede de Enfermagem do Nordeste 2021; 22: e60966.
Wathasit W, Siri S, Narksawat K, Sujirarat D, Jirapongsuwan A. Prevalence of family violence against female elderly and characteristic of perpetrator in Nakhon Ratchasima Province. 34th The National Graduate Research Conference, 24 March 2015. Khon Kaen University. Khon Kaen 2015; 954-962. (In Thai).
Warmling D, Lindner SR, Salema Coelho EB. Intimate partner violence in the elder and associated factors: Systematic review. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 2017; 22: 3111-3125.
Acharya SR, Suman BK, Pahari S, Shin YC, Moon DH. Prevalence of abuse among the elderly population of Syangia, Nepal. BioMed Central Public Health 2021; 21:1348.
Carmona-Torres JM, Carvalhal-Silva RM, Viera-Mendes MH, Recio-Andrade B, Goergen T, Rodriguez-Borrego MA. Elder abuse within the family environment in the Azores Islands. Rev Latino-Am. Enfermagem 2017; 25: e2932.
Summawong K, Somanusorn S, Sumngern C. Factors related to elder abuse from perspectives of older adults and family members. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok 2017; 33:90-103.
R Development Core Team. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 2015.
Logan JE, Haileyesus T, Ertl A, Rostad WL, Herbst JH. Nonfatal assaults and homicides among adults aged ≥60 years United States, 2002–2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2019; 297-302.
Altintas HK, Aslan GK. Prevalence of elder abuse among community-dwelling older adults in Turkey and its associated factors. Psychogeriatric 2020; 20: 3-10.
Pillemer K, Burnes D, Riffin C, Lachs MS. Elder abuse: Global situation, Risk factors, and Prevention strategies. The Gerontologist 2016; 56: S194-S205.
Rosen T, Clark S, Bloemen EM, Mulcare MR, Stern ME, Hall JE, Flomenbaum NE, Lachs MS, Eachempati SR. Geriatric assault victims treated at U.S. trauma centers: five-year analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank. Injury 2016; 47: 2671-2678.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Health Science Journal of Thailand
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.