Ability to Return to Work of Patients with Myocardial Infarction after Cardiac Rehabilitation in Phatthalung Hospital
Keywords:Ability to return to Work, Patients with myocardial infarction, Cardiac rehabilitation Program
The goal of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with myocardial infarction is to prevent complication and promote daily activity living. This descriptive study aimed to study the ability to return to work and associated factors after cardiac rehabilitation at Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit, Phatthalung Hospital. As a result, 113 samples were patients who were myocardial infarction, aged 65 years old or under and had been working. The data were derived from medical records and questionnaires, including Duke Activity Status Index (DASI, Thai version), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Thai HADS), and physical activity by six minute-walk-test walking (6 MWT). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chisquare test, Fisher exact test, and Paired t-test. The results showed that 88.49% of patients had ability to return to work. The factors significantly associated with the ability to return to work (p-value < 0.05) were sex, age, occupation, income, type of treatment, Ejection Fraction (EF), smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise before and after cardiac event, chest discomfort after treatment, level of physical activity by DASI, and 6-minute walk. Therefore, cardiac rehabilitation program should be assigned to patients with myocardial infarction, including those factors in order to increase the ability to return to work among patients.
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