Comparing Knowledge Protection and Behavior of Pesticide Use between Rice and Watermelon Farmers at Nong Hluang Sub-district, Tha Tako District, Nakhon Sawan Province


  • Kanokporn Chantaphao Mahidol University Nakhonsawan Campus, Nakhonsawan
  • Ritthirong Pundee Mahidol University Nakhonsawan Campus
  • Warrarat Noowattana Mahidol University, Nakhonsawan Campus


Pesticides, Pesticides use behavior, Pesticide use knowledge


This cross-sectional study aimed to compare rice and watermelon farmer’s knowledge and behaviour of pesticides in rice and watermelon farmers 40 people per group. The data collected by questionnaires were demographic information, general knowledge of pesticide use, protection and behaviour of pesticide use. The comparison factors were analyzed using independent t-test. The study found that rice and watermelon farmers had a medium level of pesticides use knowledge 80 percent, medium level of the symbol on pesticide produce knowledge 57.5 percent, medium level of personal protection behavior 95.0 percent and before, while and after pesticides use behavior had good level 55.0 percent, good level 56.3 percent and medium level 62.6 percent respectively. The computation of factors between rice and watermelon farmers significantly differed as follows: general pesticide use knowledge, before and while pesticides use behavior. The study suggested that pesticides use behavior deference in both groups of agriculture. Including should be given the knowledge and pesticide use safety, an adaptation of low cost personal protective equipment, and promoting biological pesticides.


Download data is not yet available.


Pollution Control Department. Thailand State of Pollution Report 2020. PCD. 2020: 06-074. (In Thai)

World Health Organization. Improving Availability of Information about Human Exposes to Pesticide. [Internet]. 2017 [Cited in 10 July, 2021], Available from:

Nakhonsawan Provincial Office. Area Statistic Data. [Internet]. 2017 [Cited in July, 2021], Available from : (In Thai)

Bureau of Occupational and Environmental Diseases (BOED) Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health. Occupational disease and environmental report 2017. [Internet]. 2017 [Cited in July, 2019], Available from (In Thai)

Chaihoi CH. Behavior and problems of using chemical pesticides and pesticides of vegetable farmers in Udon Thani Province [Master’s thesis]. [Khon Kaen]: Khon Kaen University; 2007. (In Thai)

Raktham A. Organization development: Creating and developing teamwork. (fourth edition). Bangkok: Thip Alphabet Printing. 1998.

Suvannakham V, Suvannakham K. Strengthening watermelon farmer’s Self-Care to prevent chemical pesticide toxicity. Mahasarakham Hospital Journal. 2016; 13(1): 124-135. (In Thai)

Phadungsilp S. Farmers’ knowledge and behaviours in the use of insacticides, Wang Sapparot Sub-district, Khlung district, Chanthaburi Province. [Master’s thesis]. [Chonburi]: Burapha University; 2013. (In Thai)

Best J. Research in Education. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc. 1977.

Yodsuwan S. Farmer's behavior of using chemical pesticides in orchards. Wiang Kaen District Chiang Rai Province.Thesis,

[Master’s thesis]. [Chiang Rai]: Chiang Rai Rajabhat University; 2007. (In Thai)

Moonmuangma S. Farmers' chemical pesticide use behavior Chiang Saen District Chiang Rai Province. [Master’s thesis]. [Chiang Rai]: Chiang Rai Rajabhat University; 2008. (In Thai)

Boonwatee S. Behaviors to protect themselves from dangers in Farmers' use of pesticides in Laem Klat Subdistrict, Mueang District, Trat Province. [Master’s

thesis]. [Chonburi]: Burapha University; 2010. (In Thai)

Buathong P, Inmuong U. Behavior of pesticide use by tomato farmers in Ban Ladnapeang, Sawatee sub-district, Muang district, Khon Kaen province. Research and Development Journal. 2013; 8(25): 65-72. (In Thai)

Daeng Khian B, Rattanakomol P, Salaaouyphorn A, Surinarporn M. Factors related to defensive behavior from the use of chemical pesticides Chainat Province.

Journal of Nursing and Education. 2017; 10(4): 118-119. (In Thai)

Klnechampa N, Settheetham D. Behavior Using Pesticides of Farmers, Tambon Pamigam, Muang District, Nongbualamphu Province. DPC 9. 2019; 25(2): 26-34. (In Thai)

Khanaphan K, Sae-ung K. Knowledge, attitude and preventive behavior to chemicals exposure in farmer's rice fields, Nongkeaw Subdistrict, Mueang District,

Sisaket Province. Journal of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University. 2020; 3(3): 187-198. (In Thai)

Miyittah MK, Kwadzo M, Gyamfua AP, Dodor ED. Health risk factors associated with pesticide use by watermelon farmers in Central region. Ghana. Environ Syst Res.2020; 9(10): 1-13.

Siricoon S, Arsa R, Tongkhajon W, Pawutinun J, Phonphot S. Chemical Prevention Behavior of Farmer in Khok Phuthra Community, Khok Phuthra Sub-District

Pho Thong District, Angthong Province. Journal of the Department of Medical Service. 2018; 43(6): 79-84. (In Thai)

Chaimun N. Behaviors of Chemical Pesticide Uses in Mae Sap Sub-district, Samoeng District, Chiang Mai Province. [Bachelor’s thesis]. [Khon Kaen]: Khon Kaen University; 2008. (In Thai)

Khobjai V, Damrongsat A, Panta P, Dok-Phuang D. Behavior of Using Pesticide and Cholinesterase Blood Level of Riverhead Agriculture Group: A Case Study

of Mong Hilltribe, Phayao Province. Journal of Health Science Research. 2010; 4(2): 36-46. (In Thai)

Tonphu P. Factors related to pesticide use behavior affecting health of farmers growing corn Sathan Subdistrict, Na Noi District, Nan Province. [Master’s thesis]. [Bangkok]: Thammasat University; 2017. (In Thai)

Chaikaew P. The relationship between pesticide use behavior with the health of farmers in Nakhon Chedi Subdistrict, Pa Sang District, Lamphun Province. [Master’s thesis]. [Chiang Mai]: Chiang Mai University; 2008. (InThai)

Chantaramanee N. Behaviors of Chemical Pesticide Uses and the Effectiveness of an Occupational Health Education Program of Safety Knowledge among Farmers in Upriver Area, Phayao Province. Journal of Safety and Health. 2014; 10(37): 39-43. (In Thai)




How to Cite

Chantaphao K, Pundee R, Noowattana W. Comparing Knowledge Protection and Behavior of Pesticide Use between Rice and Watermelon Farmers at Nong Hluang Sub-district, Tha Tako District, Nakhon Sawan Province. Health Sci J Thai [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 23 [cited 2023 Dec. 3];3(3):52-63. Available from:



Original articles