Perception towards Roles of Primary Care Pharmacy of Multidisciplinary in the 10th Health Region

Main Article Content

Chanchai Booncherd
Kritsanee Saramunee
Wiraphol Phimarn

Abstract

This study aims to investigate perception of multidisciplinary towards roles of primary care pharmacy (PCP) and analyze factors associated with them. This is a descriptive study. Data collection was proceeded by distributing the survey to multidisciplinary in the 10th health region online and by post. Four domains of PCP with eleven roles were included. The questionnaire includes three key questions: perception towards roles of PCP; perception towards the benefit of PCP; perception towards how primary care pharmacist perform their work. Content validity and reliability were tested. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and multivariate regression. Most multidisciplinary perceived all PCP roles (³ 90%). About three-quarters of multidisciplinary perceived PCP roles of high benefit (63-78%). Less than half of multidisciplinary perceived that primary care pharmacist worked well regarding home pharmaceutical care and managed drug-related problems for the community (46-49%). Factors associated with the perception towards good performance and benefit of PCP were financial support (95%CI: 0.64-5.00; 95%CI: 1.62-5.63) and frequency of pharmacist working at primary care (95%CI 0.41-4.17, 0.11-3.44). This study suggests that the pharmacist need to improve their performance, especially the proactive activity and working in the community.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Original articles

References

Srivanichakorn S. Primary healthcare, primary care, and family medicine: definition, meaning and connection (In Thai). Thai J Prim Care Fam Med. 2015; 1(1): 11–15.

Chirunthorn R, Singpaiboonporn N, Lohanavakul P, Treratthanapaiboon P. ่Factors affecting the role performance of pharmacists in primary care units (PCU): a case study in the upper southern region of Thailand (In Thai). Songklanagarind Med J. 2006; 24(6): 505–516.

Primary Care Pharmacy Working Group. Handbook for pharmacist to work in primary care unit (in Thai). Bangkok: Thai Health Consumer; 2011.

Cheotjariya P, Kritawit M, Anawatsiriwong T. Key concepts in communication (In Thai). 3rd ed. Bangkok: Chulabook; 1991.

Nancarrow SA, Booth A, Ariss S, Smith T, Enderby P, Roots A. Ten principles of good interdisciplinary team work. Hum Resour Health. 2013; 11(1): 1.

Brown J, Lewis L, Ellis K, Stewart M, Freeman TR, Kasperski MJ. Conflict on interprofessional primary health care teams can it be resolved? J Interprof Care. 2011; 25(1): 4–10.

Supper I, Catala O, Lustman M, Chemla C, Bourgueil Y, Letrilliart L. Interprofessional collaboration in primary health care: A review of facilitators and barriers perceived by involved actors. J Public Heal (United Kingdom). 2015; 37(4): 716–727.

Leach B, Morgan P, Oliveira JS De, Hull S, Østbye T, Everett C. Primary care multidisciplinary teams in practice: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2017; 18(115): 1–10.

Soukup T, Lamb BW, Arora S, Darzi A, Sevdalis N, Green JSA. Successful strategies in implementing a multidisciplinary team working in the care of patients with cancer: An overview and synthesis of the available literature. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2018; 11: 49–61.

Jebara T, Cunningham S, MacLure K, Awaisu A, Pallivalapila A, Stewart D. Stakeholders’ views and experiences of pharmacist prescribing: a systematic review. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2018; 84(9): 1883–1905.

Wanthong C, Lochid-amnuay S. Opinions of physicians and nurses toward the roles of pharmacists in primary health care (In Thai). Thai J Pharm Pract. 2017; 9(1): 118–129.

Leach B, Morgan P, Strand De Oliveira J, Hull S, Østbye T, Everett C. Primary care multidisciplinary teams in practice: A qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2017; 18(1): 1–10.

Liu J, Xu B, Chen T, Chen J, Feng J, Xu C, et al. Practical issues in calculating the sample size for prevalence studies. Arch Orofac Sci. 2006; 1(9): 9–14.

McColl E, Jacoby A, Thomas L, Soutter J, Bamford C, Steen N, et al. Design and use of questionnaires: a review of best practice applicable to surveys of health service staff and patients. Health Technol Assess (Rockv). 2001; 5(31): 1–256.

Jaisa-ard R, Kanjanarach T. Needs for competency improvement in pharmacy service at a primary care level (In Thai). Isan J Pharm Sci. 2014; 10(1): 69–79.

Saramunee K, Chaiyasong S, Anusornsangiam W, Kansutti N, Phasuk P. A Survey of Need in Improving Knowledge and Skills for Primary Care Pharmacy (In Thai). J Sci Technol MSU. 2017; 36(5): 543–552.

Boonklang P, Tipaporn K, Jaisa-ard R. Problems and recommendations for the continuity of pharmaceutical care through home visit by pharmacist (In Thai). In: The 5th Annual Northeast Pharmacy Research Conference of. 2013; p. 85–89.

Rachaniyom S, Saramunee K. Family pharmacist’s management of drug related problems for chronic diseases at patient’s in home, Kranuan District Health Network (In Thai). Thai J Pharm Pract. 2016; 8(1): 169–181.

Haggerty JL, Reid RJ, Freeman GK, Starfield BH, Adair CE, McKendry R. Continuity of care: A multidisciplinary review. Br Med J. 2003; 327(7425): 1219–1221.

Hirunsai Y, Muenpa R, Teaktong T. A survey of pharmacist’s responsibilities in primary care unit (In Thai). R Thai Army Med J. 2017; 70(3): 149–159.

National Health Security Office. Standards for contracting health service registry under National Health Security Office (In Thai). Nontaburi: National Health Security Office; 2016.

Pagaiya N, Khaonuan B, Phanthunane P, Bamrung A, Jirawattanapisal T. Human resources for health projections for primary health care services in Thailand 2026 (In Thai). J Heal Syst Rese. 2018; 12(2): 189–204.

Saramunee K, Mackridge A, Phillips-Howard P, Richards J, Suttajit S, Krska J. Methodological and economic evaluations of seven survey modes applied to health service research. J Pharm Heal Serv Res. 2016; 7(1): 43–52.