Main Article Content
This cross-sectional survey aimed to investigate the level of health motivation, the influence on person, and perception of COVID-19; and to determine the association between health motivation, the influence on the person and perception of COVID-19 in surveillance areas. Of these, 2,378 samples were people aged >18 years were selected with multi-stage sampling methods. The data were collected using questionnaires with a reliability was 0.90. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multinomial logistic regression. The findings revealed that the level of health motivation, the influence on the person, and perception were rated at moderate levels (50.63, 51.81, and 70.02%). The factors associated with the illness of COVID-19 in surveillance areas were as follows; the influence of persons in high and moderate levels (AOR = 0.31, 95%CI: 0.16-0.61; 0.20, 0.10-0.40, perception of susceptibility in COVID-19 in moderate and high levels (2.00, 1.44-2.77; 2.62, 1.79-3.84), perception of barriers at a moderate level (1.46, 1.10-1.95) in restricting controlled districts. Factors such as the influence of persons at high and moderate levels (0.39, 0.20-0.76; 0.28, 0.14-0.58), and perception of barriers at a moderate level (1.34, 1.02-1.77) in controlled districts. Therefore, public relation should be performed among people that focus on the awareness and risk of disease, support of materials and equipment by local administrative governments, and the participation of the community in the measures of prevention.
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