Factors Related to the Risk of Falls among Elderly at Mae Tha district, Lampang Province
Keywords:Fall, Elderly, Environment
The purposes of this research were to study health literacy, living environment, and factors related to the risk of falls among the elderly at Ban Mae Tha Luang community, Mae Tha district, Lampang Province. Data were collected from a sample of 96 people. The fall prediction factors questionnaire was used, which consisted of personal information, health literacy of falls, living environment, and fall risk assessment to prevent of falls. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, and logistic regression analysis. The results showed that most of elderly were knowledgeable at a high level, 97.92 %, 63.54%, had a cautious living environment, and 81.25% were at risk of falling. The associated factors for fall were medication history (ORadj. = 6.19, 95% CI = 1.76-21.76), living environment (ORadj =4.48, 95%CI = 1.18-16.98), and activity participation (ORadj = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.08 - 0.98). Public health staff should have monitor for falls among the elderly, education on environmental management and encouraging for the elderly to frequently participate in health promotion activities.
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