Effectiveness of Empowerment Program on Modifying Health Behaviors in Hypertension Patients in the Area of Responsibility of Community Medical Center Khuha Sawan, Muang District, Phatthalung Province
Keywords:Hypertension, Empowerment, Health behavior
This research is quasi-experimental - one group pre-posttest design aimed to study the effect of empowerment program on health behaviors among hypertension patients. The samples were 30 hypertension patients who received care at the Community Medical Center Khuha Sawan. The samples were randomly selected using simple random sampling. The research experimental instruments included the intervention was an empowerment program on health behaviors among hypertension patients for 6 weeks, 1 day per week. The data collecting tools were questionnaires consisting of knowledge and health behavior. Data were collected from December 2021 to March 2022. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The results showed that: hypertensive patients had an average score of knowledge and health behaviors after the empowerment program was significantly higher than before and have a significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure than before. It indicated that the empowerment program improved the knowledge and health behaviors and decreased blood pressure among hypertension patients. Therefore, the responsibility of primary care should be the empowerment program to modify health behavior and prevent complication among hypertension patients in other areas.
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