Factors Affecting Preventive Behaviors toward Occupational Health Hazards of Garbage Collectors in Sukhothai Province


  • Pangchol Thammachot Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand
  • Ruedeerat Mahaboonpeeti Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand




Preventive Behaviors, Garbage Collectors, Occupational Health Hazards


This research is a cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the preventive behavior toward occupational health hazards of garbage collectors in Sukhothai province by using the PRECEDE Model. The samples were 171 garbage collectors under the local government organization in Sukhothai province. This research was conducted using a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, maximum, and minimum) and inferential statistics (Stepwise multiple regression analysis). Most garbage collectors had a high level of preventive behavior toward occupational health hazards. The multiple regression analysis revealed that the attitude to the prevention of occupational health hazards, the experience in occupational health hazard exposure, safety and work environment policy, age, social support from family, and education affected the preventive behaviors toward occupational health hazards at 41.00% (Adjusted R2 = 0.41). These results can be used as a guideline for local government organizations in Sukhothai province organizing activities to clarify the working policy and to exchange attitudes or experience in occupational health hazard exposure, including the build-up of a good relationship between supervisors and colleagues. This will encourage the waste collectors to get better preventive behaviors toward occupational health hazards.


Download data is not yet available.


Jarukornsakul J. Municipal waste management. [Internet]. 2023 [Cited in 8 April, 2023]. Available from: https://www.wha-industrialestate.com/en/media-activities/articles/4734/municipal-waste-management

Pollution Control Department. Information on the state of solid waste in Thailand. [Internet]. 2021 [Cited in 15 January, 2022]. Available from: https://thaimsw.pcd.go.th/report1.php

Zolnikov TR, da Silva RC, Tuesta AA, Marques CP, Cruvinel VRN. Ineffective waste site closures in Brazil: A systematic review on continuing health conditions and occupational hazards of waste collectors. Waste Manag 2018; 80: 26-39.

Neghab M, Khodaparast-Kazerouni F, Hassanzadeh J, Ahmadzadeh F. Assessment of respiratory symptoms and lung functional impairments among a group of garbage collectors. IJOH 2013; 5(2): 76-81.

Aweng E.R, Fatt C.C. Survey of potential health risk of rubbish collectors from the garbage dump sites in Kelantan, Malaysia. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences 2014; 2(1):36-44.

Lerdpornsawan N, Kaewthummanukul T, Chanprasit C. Occupational health hazards and Health status related to risk among waste collectors. Nursing J 2017; 44(2): 138-150. (In Thai)

Phimphromma N. Threatening factor and health conditions of garbage collectors in U-Thong District, Suphanburi Province. Christian University Journal 2022; 27(3): 84-97. (In Thai)

Sukhothai local. Community solid waste management action plan "Clean Province of the year. [Internet]. 2018 [Cited in 20 September, 2019] Available from: http://www.sukhothailocal.go.th/files/com_order/2019-01_0cb1f1422d4fdd9.pdf

Data collected by Sukhothai local office in 2019-2022. (In Thai)

Rathachatranon W. Determining an Appropriate Sample Size for Social Science Research: The Myth of using Taro Yamane and Krejcie & Morgan Method. Journal of Interdisciplinary Research: Graduate Studies 2019; 8(2): 26-58. (In Thai)

Chaikhan S, Pansiri W. Behavior and knowledge of work safety among Garbage Collectors: A case study of Ubon Ratchathai City Municipality, Ubon Ratchathai Province. Journal of Science and Technology, Ubon Ratchathani University. 2019; 21(1): 46-55. (In Thai)

Theppitak T. The KAP model and a study of behavior and attitude on prevention HIV/AIDS infection in Thai seafarers. Journal of Management Science Chiang Rai Rajabhat University 2013; 8(2): 84-102. (In Thai)

Ua-Kit N, Pensri L. Utilization of PRECEDE MODEL in Health Promotion. TRC Nurs J 2019; 12(1): 38-48. (In Thai)

Thongyoung V. Factors related to the disease and occupational injuries of garbage collectors and their preventive behaviors [dissertation]. Nakhonpathom: Mahidol University; 2009. (In Thai)

Thiankhamdee N. Factors influencing work-related accidental prevention behaviors of garbage collectors in Banglamung district Chonburi [Dissertation]. Chonburi: Burapha University; 2013. (In Thai)

Usaharwong S. Factors relating to behaviors from accidents of garbage collectors, Sampran district, Nakhonphathom Province [dissertation]. Bangkok: Krirk University; 2016. (In Thai)




How to Cite

Thammachot P, Mahaboonpeeti R. Factors Affecting Preventive Behaviors toward Occupational Health Hazards of Garbage Collectors in Sukhothai Province. Health Sci J Thai [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 23 [cited 2023 Nov. 30];5(3):28-3. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/HSJT/article/view/259987



Original articles