Factors Affecting Preventive Behaviors toward Occupational Health Hazards of Garbage Collectors in Sukhothai Province
Keywords:Preventive Behaviors, Garbage Collectors, Occupational Health Hazards
This research is a cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the preventive behavior toward occupational health hazards of garbage collectors in Sukhothai province by using the PRECEDE Model. The samples were 171 garbage collectors under the local government organization in Sukhothai province. This research was conducted using a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, maximum, and minimum) and inferential statistics (Stepwise multiple regression analysis). Most garbage collectors had a high level of preventive behavior toward occupational health hazards. The multiple regression analysis revealed that the attitude to the prevention of occupational health hazards, the experience in occupational health hazard exposure, safety and work environment policy, age, social support from family, and education affected the preventive behaviors toward occupational health hazards at 41.00% (Adjusted R2 = 0.41). These results can be used as a guideline for local government organizations in Sukhothai province organizing activities to clarify the working policy and to exchange attitudes or experience in occupational health hazard exposure, including the build-up of a good relationship between supervisors and colleagues. This will encourage the waste collectors to get better preventive behaviors toward occupational health hazards.
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