The Effects of Herbal Footbath on Foot Sensation in Diabetes Type 2 Patients
Keywords:Footbath, Herbs, Diabetes
The purpose of this study was to study the effects of herbal footbath on foot sensation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This was a quasi-experimental research, comprising of pre-test and post-test assessment, in which two groups of subjects were put in comparison: an experimental group receiving herbal footbath and a control group receiving warm water footbath. The subjects were diagnosed by modern physicians as individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes. The instruments in used for data collection were illness records and diabetes history forms. Pain assessment was performed with a Douleur Neuropathique (DN4) while sensory assessment was measured with a 10 g monofilament. Results were reported as means, percentages, standard deviations, and paired-samples t-test statistics, all of which were employed to analyse the data obtained. The results of the study revealed that, before and after the experiment, the assessment of foot sensation with DN4 possessed different results. In the experimental group, the difference was found at 52.63 %, while that of the control group was at 10.52 %. The evaluation of foot sensation using monofilament exhibited that, for the experimental group, before and after the experiment, patients had statistically significant differences in foot numbness (P< 0.05); In contrary, the control group found no difference. The results of this study provide supportive information in the use of herbal footbath to reduce pain and numbness of the feet in patients with type 2 diabetes.
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