Stress and Related Factors for Thai Workers in Malaysia

Authors

  • C Manmee Division of Research and Technology Assessment, Rajavithi Hospital
  • W Srisa-ard Division of Research and Technology Assessment, Rajavithi Hospital
  • W Padithaporn Division of Research and Technology Assessment, Rajavithi Hospital

Keywords:

Stress, Thai workers, Malaysia, Factor

Abstract

A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted to assess stress and its related factor in Thai workers who had worked in Malaysia. Data were collected from October 2016 to September 2017 in 275 Thai workers who had worked for at least 6 months and underwent health examination under the ASEAN plus Three Health Care Program (ASEAN PLUS), organized by Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health. Research instruments consisted of two parts; first was demographic data, second was individual stress assessment modified by Department of Mental Health. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. This study was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee, Rajavithi hospital. The majority was female with mean age of 40.79±11.55 years. The mean BMI was 24.38± 3.95 kg/m2. Most of the participants had educational level less than bachelor (37.9%), worked as occupied housewives, massage, or chef (56.9%), monthly income less than 20,000 baht, domiciled in the north of Thailand (31.1%), more than half lived in Malaysia less than 5 years. Most of workers had 1-2 family members who must be bear the burden of support. An average working time was 10.16±1.67 hours daily. Most did not have underlying diseases and medication. Most drank tea or coffee (77.3%), and 69.8% drank tea or coffee daily, mostly non-smoking and non-alcoholic. The majority of subjects had normal level of stress (88.5%); only 11.5% were slightly higher of stress level. Factor related stress was the number of family members who must bear the burden of support (p=0.010). The finding is useful to monitor the stress for Thai workers. Evidence-based to be used to support a health care program for workers by focusing on the integrated physical and mental health. Further relevance factors should be explored.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

National Statistical Office. Number of Population and Workers [Internet] [Cited 1 October 2019]. Available from: http://statbbi.nso.go.th/staticreport/page/sector/th/02.aspx

Overseas Employment Administration Division, Department of Employment. Statistics of traveling to work abroad July 2016. [Internet] [Cited 1 August 2016] Available from: https://www.doe.go.th/prd/assets/upload/files/overseas_th/0fc70f0672064f58b9f070d7a38af07b.pdf

Vongsheree S, Muenphon S, Rojanawiwat A, Ngamprasit P, Honchan M, Dissara P, et al. Thailand Overseas Labors Returned from Disease Detected Abroad between 2554-2557: Summarized and Analyzed for the Root Causes. Bulletin of the Department of

Medical Sciences. 2015; 41:304-12.

Lucksananun T, Sithichoksakulchai W, Sangkun W. Health conditions of the health personnel at Swan Pracharuk hospital in the year 1996-1997. [Internet] [Cited 1 August 2016] Available from: http://advisor.anamai.moph.go.th/212/21207.html.

Petnil S. Health Behavior and Nutritional Status of Work-force Age in Cherng Glad Subdistrict, Bang Rachan District, Sing Buri Province. [Master thesis of Public Health]. Chiang Mai: Chiang Mai University; 2007.

ASTV Manager online. Diseases in Thai Labor Abroad. [Internet] [Cited 1 August 2016] Available from: http://www.manager.co.th/QOL/ViewNews.aspx?NewsID=9580000010817.

Petchram v, Pochana K. Employees’ Stress and Factors Affecting It: A case study of an offshore gas plant in gulf of Thailand. Journal of Science & Technology, Ubon Ratchathani University 2016; 18:10-20.

Phoummany K. Factors influencing stress among woman laborers in garment factories in Vientiane, Lao P.D.R. [Master thesis of Occupational Health and Safety]. Chonburi: Burapha University; 2013.

Phutthiyawat P. Stress of Operators at the social assistance centre 1300. [Master thesis of Labour and Welfare Development]. Bangkok: Thammasat University; 2015.

Chatcharaporn N. Work stress among employees of steel import companies in Bangkok. [Master thesis of Mental Health]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2016.

Mahatnirankul S, Phoompaisanchai W, Thapanya P. Suangprung Stress test. Department of Mental Health; 1997.

Kaewniyomchaisri W. Factors effecting of happiness organization of municipality in Buengkan province. [Master thesis of Public Administration]. Nakornphatom: Silpakorn University; 2013.

Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health. Stress in Thai. Bangkok: Beyond Publishing; 2003.

Kornpetch S. Factors Affecting Stress of Call Center Representatives: A Case study of a Telecommunications Company. [Master Thesis of Science in Human Resource and Organization Development]. Bangkok: National Institute of Development Administration;

Published

30-12-2019

How to Cite

1.
Manmee C, Srisa-ard W, Padithaporn W. Stress and Related Factors for Thai Workers in Malaysia. j dept med ser [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 30 [cited 2022 Sep. 26];44(6):69-76. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JDMS/article/view/244797

Issue

Section

Original Article