Use of plasma NT-proBNP level to predict persistent pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with secundum atrial septal defect after transcatheter closure

Authors

  • Kwanhatai Manosudprasit, M.D. กลุ่มงานอายุรศาสตร์หัวใจ สถาบันโรคทรวงอก
  • Kriengkrai Hengrussamee, M.D. กลุ่มงานอายุรศาสตร์หัวใจ สถาบันโรคทรวงอก
  • Jarin Assawahanrit, M.D. กลุ่มงานอายุรศาสตร์หัวใจ สถาบันโรคทรวงอก
  • Samornrat Jampates, M.D. กลุ่มงานอายุรศาสตร์หัวใจ สถาบันโรคทรวงอก
  • Komsing Methavigul, M.D. Department of Cardiology, Central Chest Institute of Thailand

Keywords:

secundum ASD, ASDII, transcatheter closure, pulmonary arterial hypertension, NT-proBNP

Abstract

Background: Persistent pulmonary arterial hypertension (PPAH) after transcatheter ASD closure (TCA) in patients with secundum atrial septal defect (ASDII) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. There were few reports of biomarkers as predictors of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after TCA.Objective: To determine whether plasma
NT-proBNP level can predict PPAH in ASDII patients after TCA. Method: A prospective cohort study was conducted among ASDII patients who underwent TCA in Central Chest Institute of Thailand between January 2016 and June 2016.
Demographic data, body mass index, underlying diseases and echocardiographic data were assessed. The outcome in this study was the proportion of PPAH after TCA for six months in those with normal and high NT-proBNP levels.
The outcome between two groups were compared with unpaired t-tests. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve were used to illustrate the capacity of NT-proBNP prognostic predictor of PPAH in ASDII patients after TCA. Result:
A total of thirty patients were prospectively recruited. Of these, twenty patients had normal baseline NT-proBNP,and ten patients had high baseline NT-proBNP. The patients with high baseline NT-proBNP had more decreased NTproBNP than those with normal baseline NT-proBNP with statistical significance (p-value = 0.01). The proportion of patients with high baseline NT-proBNP had more PPAH than those with normal baseline NT-proBNP with statistical
significance (p-value = 0.008). The ROC curve showed that baseline NT-proBNP ≥ 240 picograms/milliliter (pg/ml)
had a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 88.5%, a positive predictive value of 57% and a negative predictive value of 100%). Conclusion: ASDII patients with high baseline NT-proBNP had significant PPAH after TCA compared with
those with normal baseline NT-proBNP. Baseline NT-proBNP level ≥ 240 pg/ml may be used for predicting PPAH in these patients. The further larger studies will be needed for confirmation of these findings.

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Published

31-03-2022

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1.
มโนสุดประสิทธิ์ ข, เฮงรัศมี เ, อัศวหาญฤทธิ์ จ, จำปาเทศ ส, เมธาวีกุล ค. Use of plasma NT-proBNP level to predict persistent pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with secundum atrial septal defect after transcatheter closure . j dept med ser [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 31 [cited 2022 Oct. 7];47(1):33-40. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JDMS/article/view/250383

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