Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Adolescent and Application in COVID-19 Outbreak: A Literature Review
Keywords:Acceptance and commitment therapy, Psychological flexibility, Adolescent
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a psychotherapy model that emphasize the process of accepting current psychological experiences, and aims to help adolescents understand themselves and adapt to difficult situations and live a pleasant life. This literature review presents an application of ACT in mental health problems that may emerge during adjusting to the outbreak of COVID-19 and the “new normal” life of adolescents based on FACE COVID principles. An applied process of the ACT model consists of six principles; acceptance, defusion, present moment, self-as-context, value, and committed action. Several techniques are used to create mental flexibility, acceptance, and expansion of inner conceptual framework, perspective, and mindfulness of the present moment. Behavior changes according to the core values of living will facilitate through role-playing activities and the usage of words and metaphors to enable adolescents to accept current situations, awareness of their self-worth, and value of them to each other.
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