Effect of Developmental Program using Developmental Assessment for Intervention Manual (DAIM) and Adult Learning Theory in High Risk Newborn
Keywords:Preterm Infant, Developmental program using Developmental Assessment for Intervention Manual (DAIM), Adult Learning Theory, Caregivers
Background: High risk newborn are children with birth asphyxia or birth weight less than 2,500 gram. It’s the main cause delay development in children. Objective: The quasi-experimental research, pre-test post-test design aimed to study effect of developmental program using Developmental Assessment for Intervention Manual (DAIM) Method: The participants of this study consisted of 30 child and their parents were admitted at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, was purposively selected. The subjects were divided into two groups, control and experimental, containing 15 subjects each. The tools used in this study consisted of 1) General information 2) Developmental program using Developmental Assessment for Intervention Manual (DAIM) and Adult Learning Theory in high risk newborn 3) Knowledge questionnaire 4) Behavior questionnaire 5) Telephone interview form, was study 8 weeks. Data were analyzed using the McNemar Test, the Mann-Whitney U Test, and the Wilcoxon Matched Pairs Signed-Ranks Test. Result: showed that 1) High-risk newborn in DAIM group exhibited age-appropriate development with statistical significance (p < .05) 2) High-risk newborn in DAIM group significantly exhibited better development than those in control group (p < .05) 3) DAIM group parents or caregivers showed markedly higher knowledge and behavior assessment scores after receiving the program (p < .05) 4) Parents or caregivers in DAIM group exhibited remarkably higher knowledge assessment scores than those in control group (p < .05) but behavior the results between the experimental and control group were not statistically different. Conclusion: Developmental program using Developmental Assessment for Intervention Manual (DAIM) and Adult Learning Theory in high risk newborn is a tool to help nurse have guidelines and apply them in surveillance and development.
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