FACTORS PREDICTING POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EXPERIENCES IN PROVIDING CARE TO SCHIZOPRENIC PATIENTS OF CAREGIVERS
Objective: To examine factors predicting positive and negative experiences in caring for persons with schizophrenia of family caregivers. The selected factors included perceived seriousness of illness, and perceived social support. The conceptual model was based on Lazarus and Folkman’s theory of stress and coping (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984).
Methods: This study was a predictive research. Subjects were 70 family caregivers of persons with schizophrenia who brought the patients to receive service at outpatient departments of a hospital located in Bangkok. Data were collected during May–August 2017. Research instruments included the demographics questionnaire, The Behaviors and Symptom Perception Scale, Social Support Questionnaire, and Expe-rience of Caring Inventory. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and multiple regression.
Results: 1) Perceived seriousness of illness and perceived social support could jointly explain 37.6% of the variance of negative experiences in caring for persons with schizophrenia of family caregivers (p < .05). Perceived seriousness of illness was a factor which had a statistically significant influence on negative experiences in caring for persons with schizophrenia of family caregivers (β = .612, p < .001); 2) Perceived seriousness of illness and perceived social support could jointly explain 9.8% of the variance of positive experiences in caring for persons with schizophrenia of family caregivers (p < .05). Perceived social support was a factor which had a statistically significant influence on positive experiences in caring for persons with schizophrenia of family caregivers (β = .303, p < .05).
Conclusion: The results suggested that psychiatric nurses should increase understanding of family caregiver about the illness, ways to access and utilize social support resources in order to help them deal with the problems appropriately. This may lead to reduce negative experience and increase positive experience of family caregivers in caring for persons with schizophrenia.
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