Motivation Process for Becoming Professional Nurse in Nursing Students: A Grounded Theory

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Siranee Kejkornkaew
Patcharin Boonrin
Wilai Napa


The purpose of this study was to explore the motivation process in nursing students to be professional nurses. A qualitative methodology based on a grounded theory research was employed. The data was collected by means of observation and in-depth interviews with 25 nursing students, 6 males and 19 females, aged between 19–22 years who have clinical practice experience. The core category emerging from data analysis was motivation process for becoming professional nurse, which had subcategories: initial motivation to study nursing, encountering with clincal experience, and determining the goal of nursing study. In all of these process, the rise or drop of students’ motivation were affected by the factor on students’ changes of attitude and behavior to maintain their motivation throughout their study. Such increase and decrease of motivation is a dynamic and fluctuating process. The current results could guide the instruction and course management of nursing education in order to meet the needs of nursing students. Specifically, it provided a basis for those instructors to realize about their crucial role in motivating nursing students. The knowledge on an approach to giving positive feedback to students is another important strategy.

Keywords: Motivation process, Nursing students, Professional nurses


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Kejkornkaew S, Boonrin P, Napa W. Motivation Process for Becoming Professional Nurse in Nursing Students: A Grounded Theory. Rama Nurs J [Internet]. 2019Jan.7 [cited 2020Sep.23];24(3):249-63. Available from:


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