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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental condition that involves persistent challenges in social interaction, speech, and nonverbal communication, as well as restricted/repetitive behaviors. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) classifies severity levels of ASD into three levels: Level 1 requiring support, Level 2 requiring substantial support, and Level 3 requiring very substantial support. However, the severity level of autism spectrum disorder could change over time with the child’s development and the care provided for them. Current approaches to support autistic children include 1) assistance from medical professionals, 2) empowerment of family, 3) collaboration with school personnel, and 4) enhancing the abilities of autistic children. Therefore, having knowledge and understanding of the initial signs of ASD are important factors for parents to detect the disorders early, as earlier interventions would be expected to improve the development of children with autism spectrum disorder.
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Severity levels, Developmental promotion
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บทความ ข้อมูล เนื้อหา รูปภาพ ฯลฯ ที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ในรามาธิบดีพยาบาลสาร ถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสาร หากบุคคลหรือหน่วยงานใดต้องการนำทั้งหมดหรือส่วนหนึ่งส่วนใดไปเผยแพร่หรือเพื่อกระทำการใด ใด จะต้องได้รับอนุญาตเป็นลายลักษณ์อักษรจากรามาธิบดีพยาบาลสารก่อนเท่านั้น
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