Factors Related to Self-Care Behavior of Thai Buddhist Monks with Coronary Artery Disease

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Kanyarat Lasutham
Apinya Siripitayakunkit
Orasa Panpakdee


Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition which affects the arteries and caused by atherosclerosis inside the arteries. Treatment of CAD involves taking medication as prescribed, possibly undergoing invasive procedures, and making lifestyle changes. This descriptive research aimed to investigate factors related to self-care behavior among Thai Buddhist monks with CAD. Orem’s self-care deficit theory was used as a conceptual framework. Altogether, 75 Thai Buddhist monks who had CAD and followed up at the Priest hospital were recruited as informants. Data were collected using 4 questionnaires: Personal data questionnaire, Self-care behavior, The Intention to healthy self-care behavior, and Knowledge about CAD. Descriptive statistics and correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. The result showed that the majority of the monks aged 37 to 90 years, graduated from primary school, and had underlying diseases that could lead to CAD. Monks with CAD had a high level of intention to healthy self-care behavior, knowledge about CAD, and self-care behavior. However, few monks less attempted to quit smoking, exercised regularly, and unknew how to take pain relief medication, and pulse palpating skill. There were no relationships between basic conditioning factors and self-care behavior, but a significant correlation was found among the intention to healthy self-care behavior, knowledge about CAD, and self-care behavior in Thai Buddhist monks. The study findings shed light on the roles of nurses in terms of disseminating knowledge, controlling metabolic risk factors, training monks to palpate their pulse, teaching sublingual medication administration, offering appropriate physical activities, and initiating smoking cessation program to promote the monks’ abilities to assess, perform self-care, and prevent themselves from CAD complications.

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Lasutham K, Siripitayakunkit A, Panpakdee O. Factors Related to Self-Care Behavior of Thai Buddhist Monks with Coronary Artery Disease. Nurs Res Inno J [Internet]. 2019 Jan. 7 [cited 2024 Jun. 24];24(3):313-27. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/RNJ/article/view/117336


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