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The present study was quasi-experimental research to investigate the effect of expressed breast milk with oral stimulation on feeding efficiency in preterm infants. The study sample 30 preterm infants who gestational age (GA) range from 31-34 weeks and who admitted into the newborn ward at the tertiary Hospital between March and September, 2016. The 30 preterm infants were recruited based on the inclusion criteria, and each preterm infant was randomly assigned, using generated random numbers, to the control group or experimental group. The preterm infants in the experimental group received expressed breast milk with oral stimulation and the control group received only oral stimulation as developed by Lessen. The oral stimulation provided assisted movement for the cheeks, lips, gum, tongue and palate. The intervention was given once a day, for 5 minutes, totaling 7 consecutive days. Feeding efficiency refered to the average percentage of the amount of milk the infants could suck and swallow for first 5 minutes and average amount was measured during 2 consecutive meals on 1, 3, and 5 days. Difference in the feeding efficiency between the subjects in the experimental and the control group were determined with the repeated measure ANOVA. The result showed that the feeding efficiency on 1, 3 and 5 days of the preterm babies who received expressed breast milk with oral stimulation had better feeding efficiency than the infants who received only oral stimulation with a statistical significance. This study could be used as a guideline to promote the feeding efficiency in preterm infants.
บทความ ข้อมูล เนื้อหา รูปภาพ ฯลฯ ที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ในรามาธิบดีพยาบาลสาร ถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสาร หากบุคคลหรือหน่วยงานใดต้องการนำทั้งหมดหรือส่วนหนึ่งส่วนใดไปเผยแพร่หรือเพื่อกระทำการใด ใด จะต้องได้รับอนุญาตเป็นลายลักษณ์อักษรจากรามาธิบดีพยาบาลสารก่อนเท่านั้น
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