Time Management and Quality of Working Life for Nurses in General Hospitals in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar


  • Phyu Nyein Wai Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Petsunee Thungjaroenkul Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Apiradee Nantsupawat Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Time Management, Quality of Working Life, Nurses, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar


Effective time management has an effect on nursing performance, helping the nurses to produce better quality nursing care and has opportunity to develop themselves. This descriptive correlational study aimed to explore the level of time management and quality of working life of nurses and to examine their relationships. The sample included 252 nurses working in four general hospitals in Yangon Region, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Research instruments consisted of the Time Management Behavior Scale (TMBS) developed by Macan (1994) and Work Related Quality of Life scale (WRQoL) developed by Van Laar, Edwards, and Easton (2007). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of TMBS was .85, while those of the overall and of each dimension of WRQoL; general wellbeing, home-work interface, job and career satisfaction, control at work, working conditions, and stress at work, were .95, .89, .72,.89, .87, .87, and .84 respectively.  Descriptive statistics and Spearman rank correlation coefficient were used to analyze data.

Results were as follows:

 1. Nurses perceived that their time management was at a moderate level ( = 99.98, SD = 14.45) and that their work life quality was at a low level ( = 71.06, SD = 12.20).

2. There was a positive correlation between time management and overall quality of work life (rs = 0.213, p < 0.01). There was a positive correlation between time management and the four dimensions of quality of working life; namely, general well-being (rs = 0.201, p < 0.01), job and career satisfaction (rs = 0.178, p < 0.01), control at work (rs = 0.168, p < 0.01) and working conditions (rs = 0.166, p < 0.01). However, there was no association between time management and two dimensions of quality of working life: home-work interface and stress at work.  

The results suggest that nurse administrators should provide training for nurses to increase time management skills. This will help them prioritize and manage tasks efficiently. If nurses enhance time management, they will be able to produce quality work and develop themselves.


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