Health Literacy and Self-management Among Elderly Monks with Hypertension

Authors

  • Sutthinan Codrington Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Sirirat Panuthai Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Totsaporn Khampolsiri Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Health literacy, Self-management, Elderly monks with hypertension

Abstract

Health literacy is an essential factor for more effective self-management especially among elderly monks with hypertension. This correlation descriptive research aimed to investigate overall health literacy, functional literacy, communicative/interactive literacy, critical literacy, self-management, and the association between health literacy and self-management among elderly monks with hypertension. Participants in this study were elderly monks with hypertension attending outpatient department of a university hospital and community hospitals in Chiang Mai province. The 90 participants were selected using purposive sampling. The research instruments used in this study were a demographic data and illness recording form, health literacy of elderly monks with hypertension, and self-management of elderly monks with hypertension. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product-moment correlation, and Spearman’s correlation. The results showed that the participants had moderate levels of overall health literacy, functional literacy, and communicative/interactive literacy and self-management, while critical literacy was at a low level. Overall health literacy, functional literacy, communicative/interactive literacy, and critical literacy had a positive correlation with self-management at a moderate level (r = .552, .463, .526, and .419, respectively) The results from this study can serve as database information for health care practitioners who look after elderly monks with hypertension to encourage self-management through health literacy enhancement.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aekplakorn, W. (Ed.). (2011). National health examination surveys (4th ed.). Nonthaburi:Augson Graphic and Design. (in Thai).

Aekplakorn, W. (Ed.). (2016). National health examination surveys (5th ed.). Nonthaburi: Augson Graphic and Design. (in Thai).

Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2009). The practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.

Geboers, B., de Winter, A. F., Spoorenberg, S. L., Wynia, K., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2016). The association between health literacy and self-management abilities in adults aged 75 and older, and its moderators. Quality of Life Research, 25(11), 2869-2877.

Heijmans, M., Waverijn, G., Rademakers, J., van der Vaart, R., & Rijken, M. (2015). Functional, communicative and critical health literacy of chronic disease patients and theirimportance for self-management. Patient Education and Counseling, 98(1), 41-48. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2014.10.006

Jandeekaewsakul, P., Watthayu, N., & Suwonnaroop, N. (2018). Factors predicting self-management behavior among patients with uncontrolled essential hypertension. Journal of Nursing Science, 36(1), 31-43. (in Thai).

Kobayashi, L. C., Wardle, J., Wolf, M. S., & von Wagner, C. (2016). Aging and functional health literacy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journals of Gerontology Psychological Sciences, 71(3), 445-457. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbu161

Kumthong, T., Poltisiri, V., & Kaeo-dum-kong, K., (2016). Factors influencing health literacy for people at risk of diabetes Mellitus and hypertension of Uthai Thani and Ang Thong. Veridian E-Journal Science and Technology Silpakorn University, 3(6), 67-85. (in Thai).

Lorig, K. R., & Holman, H. R. (2003). Self-management education, history, definition, outcomes, and mechanism. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 26(1), 1-7.

Ministry of public health. (2014). Geriatric health assessment handbook. Nonthaburi: The War Veterans Organization of Thailand Under Royal Patronage of His Majesty the King. (in Thai).

Noppakror, J., Chintanawat, R., & Khampolsiri, T. (2020). Health literacy and self-management in older persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nursing Journal, 47(2), 251-261. (in Thai).

Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15(3), 259-267. doi: 10.1093/heapro/15.3.259

Pfeiffer, E. (1975). A short portable mental status questionnaire for the assessment of organic brain deficit in elderly patients. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 23(10), 433–441. doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.1975.tb00927.x

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2008). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Priest Hospital Department of Medical Service. (2018). Information of monks and novice. [brochures]. Bangkok: Priest Hospital. (in Thai) Retrived from http://priest-hospital.go.th/100YrsPublicHealthThailand

Sujamnong, S., Therawiwat, M., & Imamee, N. (2013). Factors related to self-management of hypertension patients, Taladkwan District Health Promotion Hospital, Nontaburi province. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok, 29(2), 20-30. (in Thai).

Thai Hypertension Society. (2019). Guidelines in the treatment of hypertension 2019. (in Thai) Retrieve from http://www.thaihypertension.org/files/GL%20HT%202015.pdf.

Thatseng, B., Lasuka, D., & Khampolsiri, T. (2012). Effects of a self-management supporting program on self-management behaviors and blood pressure among elders with hypertension. Nursing Journal, 39(4), 124-137. (in Thai)

Wuttisaksakul, K. (2018). Factors related to health behaviors of monks in Fang District, Chiang Mai. Journal of Nurses Association of Thailand Northern Office, 24(1), 71-83. (in Thai)

Published

2021-12-14