Situational Analysis on Prevention and Control of Respiratory Infectious Diseases in Rajaprachanukroh 31 School, Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai Province

Authors

  • Siriporn Kuntajan คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่
  • Wilawan Tuanrat Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Sivaporn Aungwattana Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Situational Analysis, Prevention and control of respiratory Infectious diseases, School

Abstract

      This qualitative study aimed to analyze the situation in regards to the prevention and control of respiratory infectious diseases in Rajaprachanukroh 31 School, Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai. This study looked at the aspects of structure, process, and outcome using the Donabedian Model. The three participant groups (four teachers and personnel, six students, and one health official) were chosen using purposive sampling methods. The research tools were individual interviews and focus group discussions. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content categorization.

            The results showed that:

            In the aspect of structure, 1) the school did not have a policy to prevent or control respiratory infectious diseases; 2) there were enough personnel to take care of the students; 3) tools, resources and materials for controlling and preventing respiratory infectious diseases were sufficient and effective; and 4) there was a budget for controlling and preventing respiratory infectious diseases.

            Process-wise, 1) to promote students, teachers, and others’ healths, the school joined the Health Promotion School Program;  2) to establish an environment for good hygiene, the school organized its environment in ways that facilitate health, for example having areas in the school, such as nursing rooms; 3) to investigate the origins of the diseases, the school had daily health screenings for students; 4) for treatment, the school had a basic care system where either the dormitory teachers or the health teacher would administer first aid while also referring those with critical conditions to hospitals; and 5) to reduce the spread of infection, the school encouraged students to be responsible for their own health. Therefore, it was found that the number of students who were infected by respiratory infectious diseases and the number of those referred to hospitals in 2019 was significantly lower than the number in 2018. 

            In conclusion, the results showed how the school prevented and controlled respiratory infectious diseases which may be used to further improve school operations in the future. 

 

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Published

2020-12-09