Factors Related to Preschool Children Emotional Quotient Promoting Practices Among Primary Caregivers


  • Chanicha Chaitonthueg Graduate student, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Pimpaporn klunklin Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Malee Urharmnuay Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Emotional Quotient Promoting Practices, Preschool Children, Primary Caregivers, Factors Related


Emotional intelligence promoting practices to preschool children could help children express emotion and interaction with others. The purposes of this descriptive correlational study were to explore preschool children’s emotional quotient promoting practices among primary caregivers and related factors, personal factors of primary caregivers and social support. The samples, selected by purposive sampling, included 85 primary caregivers of preschool children aged 3-5 years who received care at the four large child development centers at Nakhon Panom Province. Data were collected from January to March 2018. The research instruments consisted of the Demographic Questionnaire of Child and Primary Caregivers, the Caregiver’s Perceived Help and Social Support Questionnaire, and the Primary Caregivers’ Practice on Promoting Emotional Intelligence of Children Aged 3-5 years old Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Biserial correlation coefficient, and Spearman rank correlation coefficient.

          The study results were as follows.

  1. Eighty percent of primary caregivers had a mean score of preschool’s emotional intelligence promoting practice at a high level (=3.35, S.D. = 0.34).
  2. Education level and income had a statistically significant positive correlation with primary caregivers’ practice in promoting preschool children’s emotional intelligence (r=.289, r=.463, p<.01, respectively)
  3. Social support had a statistically significant positive correlation with primary caregivers’ practice in promoting preschool children’s emotional intelligence (r=.291, p <.01)

            The results of this study can be used by nurses as baseline information in planning for promotion and providing social support to primary caregivers so that they can proceed emotional intelligence promoting practices for preschool children effectively.


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