Nursing Practice Environment of Nurses, Fang Hospital, Chiang Mai Province


  • Piyanan Tongdang Master of Nursing Science (Nurse Administration) Professional Nurse, Fang Hospital, Chiang Mai
  • Orn-Anong Wichaikhum Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Apiradee Nantsupawat Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Nursing practice environment, outpatient department, inpatient department, nurse


Nursing practice environment is one factor which promotes the quality of a nurse's work. This independent study was a comparative design which aimed to describe the nursing

practice environment of nurses and compare the nursing practice environment of nurses working in the outpatient and inpatient departments at Fang Hospital, Chiang Mai Province. The participants included 135 nurses with at least 1 year working experience. The instrument used in this study was the Practice Environment Scale of Nurse Work Index (PES-NWI), Thai version, translated by Nantsupawat (2011) from Practice Environment Scale (Lake, 2002).
The reliability was 0.94. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and T-test.

          The findings of study indicated that the score of the nursing practice environment, as perceived by nurses was favorable. The perceived nursing practice environments of nurses in outpatient and inpatient departments showed a statistically significant difference (t = -2.24, p < .05), which the score of nursing practice environment of nurses working in the outpatient department higher than that of the inpatient department.

          Nurse administrators can use the finding of this as basic information to further improve the nursing practice environment in all hospital departments.


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