Occupational Commitment and Subjective Career Success of Nurses in Tertiary Hospitals in Xishuangbanna City, the People's Republic of China
Keywords:Occupational Commitment, Subjective Career Success, Nurses, Tertiary Hospitals
Subjective career success has positive effects on organizational productivity and previous research has found that occupational commitment is one of the factors related to the subjective career success of personnel. This descriptive correlational study aimed to explore occupational commitment and subjective career success and to examine the relationship between occupational commitment and the subjective career success of nurses. The participants included 367 nurses, stratified randomly selected from different nursing units of two tertiary hospitals in Xishuangbanna City, Yunnan Province, the People’s Republic of China. The research instruments consisted of the Nurse Occupational Commitment Questionnaire (NOCQ) and the Subjective Career Success Inventory (SCSI). The validity of these two instruments was confirmed by the authors using factor analysis. The reliabilities tested by Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the NOCQ and the SCSI were 0.90 and 0.94, respectively. Descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient were used to analyze data.
The results revealed that:
1. The overall level of occupational commitment as perceived by nurses was high.
2. The overall level of subjective career success as perceived by nurses was moderate.
3. There was a moderate positive correlation between occupational commitment and subjective career success. There were moderate positive correlations between subjective career success and the four dimensions of occupational commitment: affective commitment, normative commitment, economic accumulated cost commitment and emotional accumulated cost commitment.
The results of this study provide valuable information for hospital and nurse administrators in raising awareness to enhance nurses' occupational commitment and assist nurses in achieving career success.
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