Care Ability, Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Quality of Care for Dependent Older Persons

Authors

  • Chomphoonuch Phoomphit
  • Sirirat Panuthai Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Decha Thamdee Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Care ability, Positive aspects of caregiving, Quality of care, Dependent older persons

Abstract

The dependent elder is a person whose ability to perform daily living activities is decreased due to physical, psychological, emotional and socioeconomic impairment resulting in the need for quality care. The purpose of this correlational descriptive research is to explore the relationship among care ability, positive aspects of caregiving and quality of care for severe and totally dependent older persons aged 60 years and above. The purposive samples were 88 primary caregivers providing care for older persons. The instruments used to collect data consisted of a demographic data sheet, the Quality of Care Observation Scale, the Caregiver’s Care Ability Scale and the Positive Aspects of Caregiving Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and Spearman rank correlation.

The results showed that: 1) The mean score of care ability and positive aspects of caregiving were at good levels, 2) The overall and mean score of each dimension of quality of care were at the best levels, 3) Care ability was significantly negative correlated with quality of care (r = -0.443, p-value < 0.001), and 4) Positive aspects of caregiving was significantly negatively correlated with quality of care (r = -0.345, p-value < 0.01).

          The results of this study could be used as preliminary data for health care providers to improve quality of care for dependent older persons by promoting care ability and positive aspects of caregiving.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chewayaphan, P. (2002). Quality of care for dependency elderly: A case study of Photharam district, Ratchaburi province (Master’s thesis, Master of Nursing Science). Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. (in Thai)

Changsuwan, S. (2005). Caregiving experiences among caregivers of stroke patients (Master’s thesis, Master of Nursing Science). Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. (in Thai)

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nded.). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health. (2013). Manual of standards and implementation of quality clinic for the elderly. Bangkok: The agricultural Co-operative Federation of Thailand. (in Thai)

Kramer, B. J. (1997). Gain in the caregiving experience: Where are we? What next? The gerontologist, 37(2), 218-232.

Kulhara, P., Kate, N., Grover, S., & Nehra, R. (2012). Positive aspects of caregiving in schizophrenia: A review. World Journal of Psychiatry, 2(3), 43-48.

Louderback, P. (2000). What's happening: Elder cared: A positive approach to caregiving. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 12(3), 97-100.

National Statistical Office Ministry of Digital Economic and Society. (2020). Report on the 2017 survey of the older persons in Thailand. (in Thai) Retrieved from http://www.nso.go.th/sites/2014/DocLib13/

National Health Security Office. (2013). Strategic plan for the implementation of the long-term care system for the dependent elderly, 2014–2018. (in Thai) Retrieved from http://shi.or.th/upload/Download%20File/

Orem, D. E. (1995). Nursing: Concepts of practice (5th ed.). St Louis: Mosby Year Book.

Orem, D. E. (2001). Nursing: Concepts of practice (6th ed.). St Louis: Mosby Year Book.

Pankong, O. (2016). Effectiveness of a program for enhancing positive aspects of caregiving among caregivers of older persons with dementia (Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing), Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.

Pukdeeprom, T. (2005). Selected factors related to caregiver capabilities in caring for older persons with dementia (Master’s thesis, Master of Nursing Science). Graduate school, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. (in Thai)

Phillips, L. R. Morrison, E. F., & Chae, Y. M. (1990a). The QUALCARE Scale: Developing an instrument to measure quality of home care. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 27(1), 61-75. doi:10.1016/0020-7489(90)90024-D

Phillips, L. R. Morrison, E. F., & Chae, Y. M. (1990b). The QUALCARE Scale: Testing of measurement for clinical practice. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 27(1), 77-91. doi:10.1016/0020-7489(90)90025-E

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2004). Nursing research principle and methods (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Roff, L. L., Burgio, L. D., Gitlin, L., Nichols, L., Chaplin, W., & Hardin, J. M. (2004). Positive aspects of Alzheimer’s caregiving: The role of race. The Journal of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 59(4), P185-P190.

Sasat, S. (2012). Elderly care assistant: Formal caregiver and how to carry out quality assurance in Thailand. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University printing house. (in Thai)

Sánchez-Izquierdo, M., Prieto-Ursúa, M., & Caperos, J. M. (2015). Positive aspects of family caregiving of dependent elderly. Educational Gerontology, 41(11), 745-756.

Seulaum, K. (2009). Local government organization with care and provide assistance to older persons. Bangkok: Asean Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University. (in Thai)

The Royal Society. (2003). Dictionary of the royal academy 2002. Bangkok: Nanmeebooks. (in Thai)

Timtong, P., Keeratiyutawong, P., & Sulasurn, R. (2008). Factors related to dependent care ability of caregivers in stroke patients. Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 16(1) 9-21. (in Thai)

Wangpitipanit, S. (2014). Effects of family caregiver capacity building program on care ability and quality of care of dependent elders. (Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing), Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.

World Health Organization. (2015). Aging and Health. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs404/en/

Yodpet, S., Sombat, L., Choktanawanit, P., & Sakdaporn, T. (2009). Good models on the elderly care by family and community in rural areas in Thailand. Bangkok: Health Systems Research Institute. (in Thai)

Published

2021-09-20

Issue

Section

Research Article