Stress and Coping in Older Adults with Parkinson’s Disease

  • Chaweewan Sangsawang
  • Linchong Pothiban Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Totsaporn Khampolsiri Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
Keywords: Stress, Coping, Older adults with Parkinson’s disease


Stress is a significant problem commonly found in older adults with chronic diseases that affects their health status and quality of life. This research aimed to describe stress and coping among older persons with Parkinson’s disease and the relationship between disease stages, stress and coping behaviour. The sample consisted of 100 older persons with Parkinson’s disease attending the Neurological Medicine Clinic at Chiang Mai Neurological Hospital from April to June 2017. The participants were purposively selected based on the inclusion criteria. Data were collected using the Perceived Stress Scale and the Jalowiec Coping Scale. All instruments had reliability coefficient .80. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman’s correlation and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

The results showed that:

  1. Stress and coping both overall and sub-dimensional were at a moderate level.
  2. Stages of disease related positively at a high level with stress in older persons with Parkinson’s disease (r = .814, p < 0.01).
  3. Stress of older persons with Parkinson’s disease related positively at a moderate level with overall coping (r = .470, p < 0.01), emotional coping (r = .685, p < 0.01), and palliative coping (r = .530, p < 0.01) but did not have a significant relationship with confrontive coping.

The study results may be beneficial to health personnel in planning the intervention for managing stress and enhancing coping in the older persons with Parkinson’s disease.


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Research Article