The Development of an Intravenous Injection Arm Model


  • Apiradee Nantsupawat Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Nongkran Viseskul Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Piyawan Sawasdisingha Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Sansanee Auephanwiriyakul Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Susanha Yimyam Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Development, Intravenous injection arm model, Nursing student, Practice


Intravenous injection is one of the nursing activities that nursing students must practice on the unit. Therefore, the development of an intravenous injection arm model for practicing in the laboratory is important for helping enhance students’ confidence and develop more skills to practice nursing activities. This was a research and development study which aimed to develop an intravenous injection arm model and to evaluate its quality. The study sample consisted of 133, 3rd year nursing students in the Bachelor of Nursing Program, along with 5 nursing instructors. The tools were an interview form for the opinions of nursing instructors and nursing students, and the quality assessment questionnaire. The content validity (CVI) of the tools was 0.95 and the Cronbach’ s alpha coefficient was 0.97. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

The results of the study revealed that the information that could be used to develop the model included the circulatory system, the size of the arm, and the blood system. Some problems and obstacles were that wooden materials were too hard, and wrapped rubber gloves were too lightweight and easily torn when moving. Therefore, the researchers developed the new intravenous injection arm model which was tried out and tested for quality. Overall, the quality of the new model was at a high level, and it was able to represent the external structure of a real arm (  = 4.35, SD = 0.66), with the proper proportions and colors (  = 4.25, SD = 0.51), and was easy to move (  = 4.12, SD = 0.67).

This results of the study suggested that this innovation can be used in nursing practice for enhancing the intravenous injection skills of nursing students.


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Research Article