Perceived Self-Efficacy and Health-Promoting Behaviors Among Chinese People at Risk for Metabolic Syndrome


  • Hongli Fang Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Chomphoonut Srirat Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Chiraporn Tachaudomdach Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Health-promoting behaviors, Metabolic syndrome, Perceived self-efficacy


A descriptive correlational study was used to explore health-promoting behaviors and perceived self-efficacy, and their relationship, among Chinese people at risk for metabolic syndrome. Purposive sampling was used to select 154 participants from the health management center at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, the People’s Republic of China. The instruments consisted of a demographic and clinical information form, the Chinese version of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II), and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for both the Chinese version of the HPLP-II and the GSES were .94. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, and Spearman’s rank-order correlation test.

   The results indicated that overall health-promoting behaviors were at a moderate level (mean = 104.21, SD = 17.50) whereas the mean score for perceived self-efficacy was 26.02 (SD = 5.14). There was a significantly positive relationship between overall health-promoting behaviors and perceived self-efficacy at a moderate level (r = 0.46, p < 0.05). Regarding each dimension, stress management, health responsibility, spiritual growth, and interpersonal relations were significantly positively related with perceived self-efficacy at a moderate level (r = 0.42, 0.32, 0.46, rs = 0.31, p < 0.05, respectively).

   The study findings suggest that increasing self-efficacy among Chinese people at risk of developing MS may be beneficial for modifying health-promoting behaviors.


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Research Article