Health Literacy and Health Promoting Behaviors Among Muslim Older Adults


  • Kamilah Song Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Sirirat Panuthai Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Paradee Nanasilp Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Health literacy, Health promoting behaviors, Muslim older adults


Health promoting behaviors in the elderly result in well-being. This research aimed to describe health literacy, health promoting behaviors and the relationship between health literacy and health promoting behaviors of Muslim older adults. The sample consisted of 197 Muslim older adults living in Muang District, Pattani Province. The participants were recruited by multi-stage random sampling. Data were collected using the Health Literacy and the Health Promoting Behaviors questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.

          The research revealed that:

1.Most Muslim older persons (98.98%) had functional health literacy.

2.Muslim older persons had health promoting behaviors at a moderate level. Considering each behavior, spiritual growth, interpersonal relationship, stress management and nutrition were at a good level. Health responsibility was at a moderate level, and physical activity was at a fair level.

3.Health literacy showed a positively significant relationship with health promoting behaviors at a high-level (r = .56, p < .05).

The results of this study could serve as information for health care teams to plan for modifying health promoting behaviors for Muslim older persons by improving health literacy, especially communicative/interactive and critical health literacy.


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Research Article