The Effects of a Group Teaching Program on Parents’ Knowledge and Behavior in Preventing Asthmatic Attacks in Children

Authors

  • Suchada Manasathit Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Jutarat Mesukko Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Usanee Jintrawet Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Group teaching, Knowledge and behavior, Preventing asthmatic attack, Children

Abstract

An asthma attack includes difficulty with breathing and wheezing due to bronchoconstriction caused by a hyperreactive response. It is most common in children aged 1-5 years. Repeated asthma attacks affect the physical, psychological, emotional, and sociological aspects for children and their parents. This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the effects of a group teaching program on parents’ knowledge and behavior in preventing asthmatic attacks in children. A purposive sample of 30 parents of 1 to 5-year-old children with asthma or asthma-like symptoms were recruited from the emergency room and pediatric outpatient department at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. Subjects were divided into control and experimental groups with 15 in each. The research instruments consisted of 1) a group teaching program; 2) a video compact disc; 3) a knowledge of asthma test; and 4) the parents’ behavior toward asthma prevention in children scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the paired t-test, and the Mann Whitney U Test.

The results of the study showed that:

  1. Parents’ knowledge and behavior scores toward asthma prevention in children for the experimental group were statistically significantly higher than for the control group (p < 0.01).
  2. Parents’ knowledge and behavior scores toward asthma prevention in children for the experimental group after the group teaching program were statistically significantly higher than before (p < 0.01).

The results of the study suggest that the group teaching program can be used to teach and promote asthma prevention among parents of children between 1-5 years old.

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Published

2022-09-30

Issue

Section

Research Article